Laser Surgery for Piles or Haemorrhoids is a surgical procedure in which a laser beam is used to shrink the Haemorrhoids, which are swollen and enlarged blood vessels located in the anal region. It is also known as Laser Haemorrhoidectomy or Haemorrhoidal LASER Procedure.
Laser Surgery for Piles is usually a daycare procedure where the patient can be discharged within 24 hours. The recovery after the surgery is generally quick and effortless.
|Surgery Name||Laser Surgery for Piles|
|Alternative Name||Laser Haemorrhoidectomy, Haemorrhoidal LASER Procedure|
|Disease Treated||Piles or Haemorrhoids|
|Benefits of the Surgery||Minimally invasive, No stitches, Quick recovery|
|Treated by||General Surgeon (Proctologist)|
What is Laser Piles Surgery?
Laser surgery for piles or haemorrhoids is a procedure in which a laser beam is used to burn and shrink the haemorrhoids, which are swollen and enlarged blood vessels located in the anal region. The procedure is also known as Laser Haemorrhoidoplasty or Haemorrhoidal LASER Procedure.
Pile or haemorrhoids are swollen and enlarged blood vessels in the anal cushion region that can cause discomforts like itching and rectal bleeding. Based on the location of the development, piles are of two types:
- Internal haemorrhoid: is present inside the anus.
- External haemorrhoid: is present under the skin around the anus.
Anatomy and Physiology of the Anal Canal
The anal canal is the last part of the lower digestive tract and is approximately 2 to 3 inches long. The canal is enclosed by the internal and external sphincter muscles. The anus is connected to the rectum (the final section of the large intestine) proximally, and the anal canal terminates at the anal verge from where the stool is excreted out of the body. The rectum is lined by columnar epithelial cells while the anal canal is lined by squamous epithelial cells.
A muscular sheet called the pelvic diaphragm runs perpendicular to the juncture of the rectum and anal canal and maintains a constriction between these two segments of the large intestine. The rectum cavity is divided into three to four chambers that help to support the rectal contents.
Food wastes first accumulate in the colon until they are ready to be excreted out of the body. The food waste enters the rectum, and when sufficient pressure builds up within the cavity, the urge to eliminate waste occurs. The nerve receptors present within the rectal wall is stimulated by the stretching of the anal muscles, which put impulses to the anal canal, chest and abdominal muscles and the medulla oblongata of the brain, which makes the individual conscious of the need to excrete.
Conditions treated with Laser Piles Surgery
Who needs Laser Piles Surgery?
Laser piles surgery is performed in adults to remove the haemorrhoidal tissue or disrupt the blood vessels inside the haemorrhoids. Haemorrhoids are classified into four different grades or degrees:
- Grade I or First-Degree Piles: Haemorrhoids that are not visible from the outside. They might occasionally bleed due to excessive straining or friction.
- Grade II or Second-Degree Piles: Haemorrhoids that come out of the anus due to exertion or while passing stools but go back inside by themselves.
- Grade III or Third-Degree Piles: Haemorrhoids that come out of the anus due to exertion or while passing stools must be pushed back manually or take time to return.
- Grade IV or Fourth-Degree Piles: Haemorrhoids that stay outside of the anus and cannot be manually pushed back inside the anus. Grade IV piles may sometimes lead to trauma, ulceration and increased bleeding.
The proctologist will decide the treatment for piles based on the severity of the condition and prolapsed haemorrhoids. For example, they may opt for laser surgery for multiple small internal and large internal haemorrhoids.
How is Laser Piles Surgery performed?
Laser piles surgery is performed under local anaesthesia by a specialized team of anaesthetists, laser proctology surgeon, and other medical staff. The following steps are carried out during the procedure:
The surgeon will administer spinal, local (e.g., lidocaine and prilocaine) or general anaesthesia before the surgery. Spinal and local anaesthetic methods will numb the anal region and keep the patient conscious throughout the surgery.
The patient will be asked to be in a lithotomy position for laser surgery.
- The surgeon will first insert a tube called a proctoscope inside the anus. This tube contains a Doppler probe to locate the end of the blood vessels that supply the blood to the Haemorrhoids (terminal arteries).
- The surgeon will rotate the proctoscope clockwise to find the terminal artery. If we imagine the anus as a clock, piles are present at three, seven, and 11 o’clock (a person may not necessarily have piles in all three positions).
- The lowermost portion of the anus, close to the skin, is pain-sensitive. Hence, the surgeon will not make any cuts in this region.
- The region which is four cm inside the anal opening is pain-insensitive. Hence, the surgeon will perform surgery in this region. However, the patient might feel a stretch sensation post-surgery, making him or her uncomfortable.
- After the surgeon identifies the artery, they will insert a laser fibre into the anus via the same tube. The surgeon will then apply laser shots to destroy these arteries.
- The surgeon will use a 1470 nm diode laser to remove haemorrhoids.
- The laser will help shrink the end of the blood vessels that supply the blood to the haemorrhoids. This step ultimately helps shrink the haemorrhoids as the blood supply is completely cut. However, it takes six weeks for the mass to fully shrink to about 60 - 80% of its original size.
What to expect before and on the day of Laser Piles Surgery?
The patient may expect the following before or on the day of the surgery.
Before Laser Piles Surgery
- Pre-operative investigations: The proctologist will conduct blood tests and the following physical examinations before the surgery:
- Examine the inside of the anal region via anoproctoscopy.
- Carry out a digital rectal examination in which the doctor will insert their gloved, lubricated finger inside the anus to feel the haemorrhoids.
- The doctor will also ensure that the patient meets the anaesthetist before surgery. The patient's fitness will be assessed before the surgery.
- Dietary changes:
- The proctologist will advise the patient to eat foods rich in minerals and vitamins such as fruits and vegetables a day before surgery.
- The patient will be asked to avoid red meat and such foods that are difficult to digest.
- The patient also should not consume alcohol three to four days before surgery.
- Medications can interfere with the surgical process. The patient should ask his/her proctologist about the medicines that she can consume before or on the day of the surgery.
- If the patient has to take any prescription medicines, he/she will be asked to take them with very little water.
On the day of Laser Piles Surgery
The patient needs to reach the hospital before the scheduled time.
The patient will be asked to sign the consent form in the presence of his/her family.
The patient will be instructed to remove his street clothes and jewellery and wear a hospital gown or shorts.
A nurse will place an intravenous catheter in the patient’s hand or forearm and inject a mild sedative.
Vitals will be monitored.
- Two hours before the surgery, the proctologist or the medical team might give the patient enemas. Enema is the injection of a liquid that is given into the large intestine via the anus. Enema helps to remove any stools trapped in the intestines.
The patient will then be shifted to the operation theatre.
What to expect after Laser Piles Surgery?
A patient who has undergone laser piles surgery can expect the following after the surgery:
The recovery process in the hospital
- The effect of anaesthesia will come off in four to six hours. However, the patient must maintain spinal anaesthesia care to prevent spinal headaches. Also, once the effect of anaesthesia comes off, the patient might feel a stretching sensation after the surgery, making him/her uncomfortable.
- The anal region will be numbed using a local anaesthetic to help the patient not feel any pain for six to12 hours.
- The patient will also be unable to urinate due to swelling in the muscles around the anus or spasms of the pelvic muscles. Over one-third of patients can experience urinary retention post-surgery, with males being more prone to it. The proctologist may recommend catheterisation or medicines to manage this condition.
- Bleeding from the rectum for seven to 10 days post-surgery may also be experienced by the patient. This will be visible while passing stools.
- The patient will also get discharged once the anaesthesia wears off and has urinated.
- The patient must wear loose-fitting clothes while going home to be comfortable. Also, a family member or a friend must drive the patient back home.
Recovery process/expectation after hospital discharge
- Pain relief: Laser surgery usually does not cause pain, but there is a chance that the patient may feel pain for a brief time. To ease the passage of stools, the patient will be advised to use laxatives (medicines that empty the bowel) or stool softeners.
- Use herbs like Isabgul husk and Triphala as laxatives
- Antibiotics: The proctologist will prescribe antibiotics to rule out any infection
- Practice good bowel habits: The patient should practice following good bowel movements.
- Avoid putting too much pressure while passing stools.
- Do not stay for a longer time in the toilet.
- Avoid holding the stool for long.
Diet: Following dietary habits should be followed.
The patient should slowly increase fibre intake (by eating fruits, vegetables, and whole grains).
Drink liquids and eat bland food (plain rice, bananas, dry toast or crackers, apple sauce) for a few days following surgery. Afterwards, the patient can return to regular foods and gradually increase the fibre intake.
Drink plenty of water (four to five litres) every day.
Wound care: The patient may also need some cotton or other absorbent dressing in the anal area to control the bloody drainage that may persist for several days.
Sitz bath: After the surgery, sitz baths should be taken by the patient for a few days. A sitz bath is simply submerging the bottom in water. Either in the bathtub, shower, or a portable sitz bath (which looks like a plastic hat upside down). Plain, warm water (no soaps or salts) should be used when. The recommended time is 10 to 15 minutes twice a day.
First follow-up appointment
- The doctor will ask the patient to visit him/her around 2 to 3 weeks after the surgery for follow-up.
- The doctor will examine the treated area to detect the recovery status.
- The doctor might also change the medication or advise the patient to continue with the previous medication for some more time, depending on the condition and recovery of the surgical area.
- The doctor will advise the patient for further timely follow-ups as well.
Benefits of Laser Piles Surgery
Laser surgery for piles is quite popular nowadays because of the following benefits:
- Lesser pain than any other surgical procedures
- No need for a hospital stay
- Safer treatment option
- Lesser bleeding during the procedure
- Quicker healing
- Shorter recovery period
- No cuts, open wounds, or sutures
- Quicker return to regular activities
- Shorter duration to complete the procedure
- Higher success rate
- Fewer follow-up visits
- Lower risk of recurrence
- No or minimal risk of post-surgical infections
Risks and complications of Laser Piles Surgery
Laser piles surgery is minimally invasive has a quick recovery rate and has various other advantages. However, there may be some risks of the surgery that a patient may experience while undergoing the procedure. Following are some of the risks and complications of laser piles surgery:
- Swelling in the treated area.
- Difficulty in passing bowel after the surgery.
When is consultation with the doctor needed?
The patient must consult the doctor when:
- Pain or bleeding is severe
- Experience unexpected drainage or pus coming from the rectum
- Trouble in urination or bowel movement
- Symptoms of infection, such as fever
Risks of delayed Laser Piles Surgery
If piles are not treated in time, they can be uncomfortable and may affect daily activities. Risks of delayed laser piles surgery may include:
- Extreme burning pain while sitting
- Bleeding in stool
- Prolapsed haemorrhoids
Cost of Laser Piles Surgery
The cost of laser piles surgery ranges from ₹40,000 to ₹1,50,000. The cost varies based on the following factors:
- The severity of the Piles, categorised as grade I to IV.
- Technology used.
- Age of the patient.
- Other medical conditions that the patient may have.
- The type of hospital facility availed - individual room or shared.
|Procedure Name||Cost Value|
|Laser Piles Surgery||₹40,000 to ₹1,50,000|
Frequently Asked Questions on Piles Laser Treatment
What are the myths versus facts about laser surgery for piles?
- Myth: The laser piles surgery causes pain and bleeding.
Fact: No, laser piles surgery neither causes pain nor bleeding. This treatment method is 100% painless and bloodless. Contact HexaHealth to get the right knowledge about the treatment procedures and everything else from our expert surgeons.
- Myth: After the laser piles surgery, it takes more time to recover.
Fact: No, the recovery rate is really quick. The recovery time after the treatment is 24 to 48 hours which means laser piles surgery allows you to return to your normal lifestyle soon.
- Myth: The laser piles surgery uses a laser beam. I am sure that this will cause some side effects to the body.
Fact: No, expert surgeons recommend this treatment as they are 100% sure that this treatment method does not have any side effects on the body. Contact HexaHealth to talk to our expert surgeons and to get the right idea.
- Myth: Laser piles surgery is often heavily expensive.
Fact: No, laser piles surgery is affordable and cost-effective as the patients do not need to get hospitalized for laser treatment.
- Myth: I have been suffering from piles for quite a long time, and nothing can cure the disease.
Fact: People suffering from piles often have this misconception as they could not get the best possible treatment for piles. Today, you may find hundreds of satisfied patients who have gotten rid of the disease with the help of this treatment method.
What is laser piles surgery?
Laser Surgery for Piles is a procedure in which a laser beam is used to burn and shrink the haemorrhoids, which are swollen and enlarged blood vessels located in the anal region. The procedure is also known as Laser Haemorrhoidectomy or Haemorrhoidal LASER Procedure.
What is the approximate duration of laser piles surgery?
In most cases, laser piles surgery takes about 30 minutes to complete. Some additional methods might take the duration between a few days to a few weeks to completely heal.
Who performs laser piles surgery?
Skilled and qualified doctors specialised in proctology conduct laser piles surgery with our professional assistance.
How does laser piles surgery feel?
Laser surgery for piles is done under anaesthesia. Thus, the patient will not feel any pain or discomfort during the procedure.
What are the advantages of laser piles surgery?
There are several advantages of treating piles with laser surgery. These include no or minimal postoperative pain, minimal blood loss results in quick healing, shorter hospital stay, quick recovery, low chances of damaging other tissues, sutureless treatment with no to minimal scarring, and safe and easier procedure.
How much rest is needed after laser piles surgery?
The patient can resume daily usual physical activities in 3 to 5 days as laser treatment involves quick recovery as there are no cuts or stitches.
Which surgery is better for piles treatment - BEIM or Laser?
Both BEIM (Biological Electrical Impedance Auto Measurement) and Laser surgery techniques are equivalent in terms of outcome & postoperative recovery. The decision on which method should be used depends upon the individual's case and the treating doctor. Contact HexaHealth for more guidance and expert consultation.
What are the risks associated with laser piles surgery?
Laser pile surgery is a safe procedure, but as it is a surgical procedure, certain risks are associated with laser pile surgery including bleeding, bruising, pain, swelling, and difficulty in passing bowel after the surgery.
Do I have to stay in the hospital after the laser piles surgery?
Laser piles surgery is non-invasive and does not require intense patient monitoring post-operation. The patient need not be hospitalised and can go home the same day.
What is the cost of laser piles surgery?
The estimated cost of laser piles surgery ranges from ₹40,000 to ₹1,50,000.
Why does the cost of laser piles surgery vary for different patients?
The cost of laser piles surgery differs due to several factors including hospital choice, severity and grades of piles, surgical technique, and overall health condition of the patient. Contact our care specialist to get cost-effective treatment.
Does insurance cover laser piles surgery?
Yes, all health insurance plans cover laser piles surgery. Paperwork is facilitated by our team on your behalf ensuring smooth approval and a cashless facility. Contact HexaHealth for a simple cashless and hassle-free experience.
Do piles reoccur after laser piles surgery?
Usually, surgery cures piles. The chances of reoccurrence are dependent upon how a patient takes care post-surgery. It is vital to maintain a fibre-rich diet along with hydrating the body. After healing is complete, it is recommended to keep the body weight in check. Yoga is the best exercise to help a person remain healthy (physically and mentally). If a patient follows the doctor’s instructions, then the chances of recurrence would be no to minimal. Even if it reoccurs, that would be a low grade which is easily manageable.
Which is the best treatment of piles and the best doctors in India?
Treatment for piles depends on the type & grade of piles and the individual’s health. Consult HexaHealth to decide on the best proctologist or piles specialist & quality treatment at a reasonable price.
What are the side effects of laser piles surgery?
Laser piles surgery is much prefered because it has various benefits. But, like all surgical procedures, it carries a few side effects such as burning sensation, which resolves gradually, and in rare cases, it may cause external skin tag thrombosis.