Deviated Nasal Septum - Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Deviated Nasal Septum

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Deviated Nasal Septum

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When the septum (cartilage and bone that separates the nasal cavity) is off-centered, it is called a deviated septum or commonly called “crooked nose”. This condition may be present since birth or occur as a result of injury to the nose. Breathing difficulties, congestion, and headaches can all be symptoms of a poorly deviated septum. A deviated septum can be repaired with surgery.

 

Deviated Nasal Septum

When the septum (cartilage and bone that separates the nasal cavity) is off-centred, it is called a deviated septum or commonly called “crooked nose”. This condition may be present since birth or occur as a result of injury to the nose. Breathing difficulties, congestion, and headaches can all be symptoms of a poorly deviated septum. A deviated septum can be repaired with surgery.

 

Cause of Deviated Nasal Septum

Causes

A deviated nasal septum can result from injuries or trauma to the nose. Examples of nasal injuries include:

  1. Car accident
  2. Injuring the nose during a physical fight
  3. Sports injuries to the nose
  4. Some people may also be born with a deviated septum. In this case, it is a congenital abnormality. It could also be the result of normal growth. The septum develops with the growth of the nose, and it can occasionally grow to one side.

 

Signs and Symptoms of Deviated Nasal Symptoms

Signs and symptoms

The most typical sign of a severely deviated or crooked septum is difficulty breathing through one or both sides of the nose. A person with a deviated septum may also experience the following symptoms:[

  1. Bleeding from the nose
  2. Headaches
  3. Facial pain
  4. Sinus infections
  5. Nasal congestion
  6. Breathing noisily
  7. Snoring during sleep

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Diagnosis of Deviated Nasal Septum

  1. An ENT specialist is the best person to diagnose a deviated septum.
  2. Diagnosis of a deviated septum involves a detailed physical examination of your nose by the doctor.
  3. A nasal speculum, nasal endoscopy, or otoscope may be used during the physical examination.
  4. The nasal speculum helps the doctor to open the nostril during the physical examination.
  5. An otoscope helps to visualize the inside of a nose and ear. Nasal endoscopy allows examining the inside of the nasal or sinus passage.
  6. A CT scan of the nose may also be performed if necessary

 

Non surgical Treatment options for Deviated Nasal Septum

Nonsurgical Treatment 

  1. The majority of people do not require treatment for deviated septum since they have no or minor symptoms. However, symptoms such as congestion can be treated with medications. Depending on your symptoms, a doctor may recommend the following medicines:
  2. Decongestants: These medications help to reduce oedema in the nasal passages and sinuses. Stuffiness, face pain or pressure, and headaches may be relieved by these drugs. It is available in the form of nasal sprays or tablets.
  3. Nasal Rinses: Excess mucus is washed away with the help of nasal rinses. This helps to get rid of symptoms such as a stuffed nose.
  4. Corticosteroid sprays: Corticosteroids are potent anti-inflammatory drugs that can bring down the swelling in the tissues of the nasal passages and sinuses.

Benefits of Treating Deviated Nasal Septum

The Benefits of Treating Deviated Nasal  Septum are

  1. 1Improved breathing – overall breathing function is greatly improved since the nasal passages are opened up.
  2. Better sleep quality – reshaping a crooked septum not only improves airflow while you're awake,
  3. Reduction  or elimination of snoring and/or sleep apnea and improves the overall quality of your sleep

Risk and Delay in Treatment for Deviated Nasal Septum

It can cause 

  1. Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  2. When left untreated, sleep apnea can lead to high blood pressure, stroke, heart failure, heart attacks, diabetes, depression, worsening of ADHD and headaches

Reviewer

Dr. Aman Priya Khanna

Dr. Aman Priya Khanna

MBBS, DNB General Surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, FIAGES

12 Years Experience

Dr Aman Priya Khanna is a well-known General Surgeon, Proctologist and Bariatric Surgeon currently associated with HealthFort Clinic, Health First Multispecialty Clinic in Delhi. He has 12 years of experience in General Surgery and worke...View More

Author

Nikita Tyagi

Nikita Tyagi

BPharm (Jawaharlal Nehru Technical University, Hyderabad)

2 Years Experience

An enthusiastic writer with an eye for details and medical correctness. An avid reviewer and publisher. She emphasises authentic information and creates value for the readers. Earlier, she was involved in making ...View More

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