Heart Attack

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Trusted Doctors and Top Hospitals

Consultations with expert surgeons

Extensive assistance throughout your treatment

Symptoms & Causes

Signs and symptoms

Each person's symptoms may differ but the common ones are:

  • Chest pain is accompanied by a feeling of pressure, tightness, or a squeezing sensation in the centre of your chest. People often mistake this pain for heartburn or indigestion.
  • The pain may radiate to the neck, jaw, left shoulder, back, or stomach.
  • A feeling of dizziness or fainting
  • Shortness of breath                                                                      
  • Racing heart rate
  • Feeling nauseous or vomiting
  • Sweating

                                                                                                                            

                                                                                                 Figure: Chest Pain During Heart Attack

Causes

Heart attacks are caused by the sudden interruption of the blood supply to the heart. This can occur due to the development of blockage in the arteries supplying blood to the heart. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the leading causes of this. In CAD patients, there is an accumulation of cholesterol and other substances, known as plaques, on the heart's arteries. This plaque can sometimes break and form a clot within the artery, restricting blood flow to your heart which triggers a heart attack.

Less common causes of heart attack are:

  • Illicit drugs such as cocaine can narrow coronary arteries, limiting blood flow and causing a heart attack.
  • Lack of oxygen in the blood hence the heart doesn't receive enough oxygenated blood, which damages the heart muscles and results in a heart attack. 
  • A severe spasm of the coronary artery can cause constriction of the arteries of the heart, resulting in interrupted blood supply to the heart.
  • Heart attacks can also be caused by factors that increase oxygen demand, such as strenuous exercise, fever, or hyperthyroidism.
  • Aneurysms of the coronary arteries, as well as other coronary abnormalities, can lead to heart attacks.
  • Cholesterol, air, or sepsis-related emboli cause coronary artery emboli, which can lead to heart attacks.
  • Trauma, vasculitis, and aortic dissection can also cause heart attacks.

 

When to Seek Advice?

A heart attack requires immediate medical attention as this is a medical emergency. Call the ambulance if you have a severe heart attack warning signals such as chest pain that radiates to the hand and jaw or pain that get worse quickly or last longer than 5 minutes.

Risks and Complications of Heart Attack

Risk Factors include:

  • Family history of heart diseases
  • Medical conditions such as diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure
  • Sedentary lifestyle, cigarette smoking, and alcohol consumption 
  • Obesity
  • Stress
  • Advanced age

Complications of heart attack

Heart attack can result in the following complications:

  • Heart failure - The heart's blood pumping capacity is compromised following a heart attack. This occurs as a result of the damage caused to the heart's muscles.
  • Arrhythmias - A heart attack can disrupt the electrical signals of the heart. This disruption can result in irregular heartbeats, also known as arrhythmia.
  • Cardiogenic Shock - Cardiogenic shock occurs when your heart abruptly stops pumping enough oxygen-rich blood to your body, putting your life in jeopardy. This is a life-threatening condition that is frequently brought on by a heart attack.
  • Heart Rupture - This is one of the rare but life-threatening complications of a heart attack. Heart rupture occurs due to the rupture of the heart's muscles, valves, or walls.

Prevention

Taking the following steps can prevent the occurrence of heart attack:

  • Stop smoking if you are a smoker
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Remain physically active and exercise regularly
  • Reduce alcohol consumption
  • Consuming a nutritious diet
  • Attempt to maintain healthy blood pressure and cholesterol level

Diagnosis & Treatment

Why HexaHealth

Trusted Doctors and Top Hospitals

Personalised Care Assistance

Assured Quality and Advanced Technology

Transparency and Value for Money

Expert Doctors

A K Singal

General Surgeon
49 Years
99% Recommended

R S Gandhi

Laparoscopy and General Surgery
33 Years
96% Recommended

Atul N.C. Peters

Laparoscopic / Minimal Access Surgery, Bariatric Surgery / Metabolic, General Surgery
28 Years
98% Recommended

Yogesh Gautam

General Surgery, Laparoscopic / Minimal Access Surgery
43 Years
96% Recommended

Nikunj Bansal

General & Laparoscopic Surgeon
21 Years
100% Recommended

Rajender Kaur Saggu

Breast Surgeon
24 Years
100% Recommended

Usha Maheshwari

General & Laparoscopic Surgeon
38 Years
100% Recommended

Kapil Agrawal

Bariatric Surgeon/ General & Laparoscopic Surgeon
25 Years
99% Recommended

Bachan Singh Barthwal

General Surgery
41 Years
97% Recommended

S K Tiwari

General Surgery
40 Years
99% Recommended

NABH Accredited Hospitals

Aashlok Hospital

Aashlok 25 AB
Excellence in General Surgery,E.N.T.,Obstetrics & Gynaecology
4.8/5 Rating

Apollo Spectra Hospital, Karol Bagh

66A/2, New Rohtak Road, Near Liberty Cinema
Excellence in General Surgery,E.N.T.,Obstetrics & Gynaecology
4.86/5 Rating

Apollo Spectra Hospital, Greater Noida

NH-27 , Pocket 7 NSG Chowk
Excellence in General Surgery,E.N.T.,Obstetrics & Gynaecology
4.53/5 Rating

Alpine Hospital, Gurugram

Plot No. 140, near Mother Dairy, Sector 15 Part 2
Excellence in General Surgery,E.N.T.,Obstetrics & Gynaecology
4.91/5 Rating

Sheetla Hospital (Apollo Spectra Hospitals), New Railway Road

Near Dronoacharya Government College
Excellence in General Surgery,E.N.T.,Obstetrics & Gynaecology
4.57/5 Rating

Apex Hospital, Naraina Vihar

E-22, Naraina Vihar New Dellhi
Excellence in General Surgery,E.N.T.,Obstetrics & Gynaecology
4.86/5 Rating

CK Birla Hospital, Sector 51, Gurugram

Block J, Nirvana Central Rd, Mayfield Garden, Sector 51
Excellence in General Surgery,E.N.T.,Obstetrics & Gynaecology
4.66/5 Rating

Artemis Hospital, Gurugram

Sector 51
Excellence in General Surgery,E.N.T.,Obstetrics & Gynaecology
4.9/5 Rating

IBS Hospital

73, Ring Rd, Block L
Excellence in General Surgery,E.N.T.,Obstetrics & Gynaecology
4.56/5 Rating

Apollo Hospital, Delhi

Sarita Vihar Delhi Mathura Road
Excellence in General Surgery,E.N.T.,Obstetrics & Gynaecology
4.82/5 Rating

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