Incision & Drainage

Incision & Drainage

Treatment Duration

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15 Minutes

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30 Minutes

Treatment Cost

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4,000

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16,000

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Incision & Drainage

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Incision and Drainage

Incision and drainage, I&D, is a minor surgical procedure usually done to drain pus or the pressure built up under the skin. It is commonly used as a primary treatment in most healthcare settings for the management of abscesses with or without the use of antibiotics.

 

  1. Incision and drainage (I&D) is a widely used procedure in various care settings, including emergency departments and outpatient clinics.
  2. It is the primary treatment for skin and soft tissue abscesses, with or without adjunctive antibiotic therapy.
  3. This activity will focus specifically on its use in the management of cutaneous abscesses

Cause 

When the skin barrier is broken, bacteria can enter our skin even through a small tear. The most common bacterial infections are streptococcus and staphylococcus infections.

In response to this invasion, the body's inflammatory system recruits leukocytes and forms a collection of pus, such as abscesses, pustules, or boil.

If you are diabetic or immunocompromised, there are more chances of formation and collection of pus.

What will happen if surgery is delayed?

If you delay the incision and drainage wherever necessary, it can lead to life-threatening complications. 

The abscess or boils may grow into larger and more painful ones, and infection can spread to deeper and surrounding tissues of your body, causing even more and also conditions like:

  1. Fainting
  2. Fever and chills
  3. Malaise
  4. Seizures
  5. Paralysis
  6. Severe weakness
  7. Sepsis
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Benefits and Drainage of the procedure

  1. The main benefit is the removal of the pus from the body, which will allow the body to heal while reducing symptoms such as pain, swelling and fever.
  2. It reduces pain and length of treatment of treatment for  soft tissue abscesses

Who needs procedure?

Cause 

  1. When the skin barrier is broken, bacteria can enter our skin even through a small tear. The most common bacterial infections are streptococcus and staphylococcus infections.
  2. In response to this invasion, the body's inflammatory system recruits leukocytes and forms a collection of pus, such as abscesses, pustules, or boil.
  3. If you are diabetic or immunocompromised, there are more chances of formation and collection of pus.

 

Incision and Drainage procedure

Procedure

I&D is a simple surgical procedure usually done in an emergency or outpatient setting.

  1. Firstly, the area of your skin is sterilised with the help of alcohol or iodine-based antiseptic.
  2. You are then administered local anaesthetic injections like lidocaine to numb the area.
  3. Your doctor then makes a linear incision, a surgical cut with the help of blade no. 11 or 15 on the raised part of the area of pus.
  4. Pus is then drained out of that site.
  5. Your surgeon will use a probe to drain the pus.
  6. After that, your surgeon will clean the area with a saline solution.
  7. The site is then kept open for a while but covered with a dressing to absorb pus which had initially formed.
  8. If you have a larger abscess, severely infected paranasal sinus, or boil, your doctor will place a gauze wick inside it to keep it open and to completely absorb pus and blood.
  9. After the procedure, your doctor will send your pus sample to the lab for culture to determine the causative bacteria.

What to expect before surgery?

  1. Your doctor will run some basic blood tests before the surgery.
  2. You will be asked about your medical history and conditions like diabetes or other immunocompromised diseases. 
  3. You will also be asked to run some imaging tests to see the spread of infection.
  4. Your doctor will discuss the test results.
  5. You will be informed about the risks involved and about the scar formation after the procedure. 
  6. Your doctor will fix a date for your surgery based on your health status.
  7. You will be told about the anaesthetic. Usually, local anaesthesia is used.
  8. You won't be able to drive home yourself after I&D, so you will need a family member to drive you home comfortably. 

What to expect on the day of surgery?

  1. You should visit your doctor at the allotted time.
  2. Once admitted, you will have to sign the consent form for the procedure, explain any complications during the procedure, and consent to emergency care.
  3. The procedure usually takes 20 to 40 minutes, depending on the size and depth of the abscess.

What to expect during surgery?

  1. You will be positioned according to the location of the site on the body from where the pus is to be drained.
  2. Once in the position, the site is cleaned with iodine-povidone or other antiseptic.
  3. You will then be administered a local anaesthetic like lidocaine so that you don't feel any pain.
  4. Your surgeon will make an incision with the help of blade no. 11 or 15 to drain the pus from the abscess, pustule, or boil.
  5. The incision is made parallel to the skin tension line to prevent scar formation.
  6. Once done, gauze will be placed in the larger abscess or severly infected sinus to soak the pus and blood, or dressing is done.

Recovery and Post op care after Incisional and Drainage procedure

What to expect after surgery?

  1. You will be sent home after the procedure.
  2. For two days, you may have some drainage.
  3. It is usually painful, so you will be given oral analgesics to relieve pain and antibiotics to prevent infection.
  4. Your recovery will depend on the severity of the infection and the location.
  5. You are advised to clean and replace bandages as instructed by the doctor.
  6. If a gauze wick is placed, your doctor will either repack or remove it after a few days.
  7. You will be advised to rest for a few days.
  8. You will also be advised about how to take a bath so that you don't wet the bandage.
  9. For managing pain, a warm compress may be advised 3-4 times a day.

First follow-up appointment

You have to follow up with your doctor 2-3 days after the procedure to remove or repack the gauze wick. 

 

Risk and Complication of Incisional and Drainage procedure

 Consult your doctor within a week if you see unusual signs

  1.   Pain  that is worsening
  2.   Swelling
  3.   Redness
  4.   Bleeding
  5.   Changes in pus
  6.   Signs of infection, like fever or chills

Cause 

  1. When the skin barrier is broken, bacteria can enter our skin even through a small teaThe mostost common bacterial infections are streptococcus and staphylococcus infections.
  2. In response to this invasion, the body's inflammatory system recruits leukocytes and forms a collection of pus, such as abscesses, pustules, or boil.
  3. If you are diabetic or immunocompromised, there are more chances of formation and collection of pus.

What will happen if surgery is delayed?

If you delay the incision and drainage wherever necessary, it can lead to life-threatening complications. 

The abscess or boils may grow into larger and more painful ones, and infection can spread to deeper and surrounding tissues of your body, causing even more and also conditions like:

  1. Fainting
  2. Fever and chills
  3. Malaise
  4. Seizures
  5. Paralysis
  6. Severe weakness
  7. Sepsis

Expert Doctors

Dr. T Krishan Thusoo
Hexa Partner

General and MI Surgery

54+ Years

Experience

97%

Recommended

Dr. Manish Kulshrestha
Hexa Partner

General Surgery

28+ Years

Experience

97%

Recommended

NABH Accredited Hospitals

Lilavati Hospital And Research Centre
JCI
NABH

Lilavati Hospital And Research Centre

4.6/5(90 Ratings)
Bandra West, Mumbai

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