Top 20 Vitamin D Rich Fruits and Vegetables with Images

Written by Hexahealth Care Team, last updated on 6 September 2023
Top 20 Vitamin D Rich Fruits and Vegetables with Images

When you talk about a balanced diet, vitamin D fruits and vegetables are the mainstays of it. The reason is, vitamin D is considered one of the essential vitamins as it plays an important role in the overall well-being of the body.

The importance of vitamin D-rich fruits and vegetables cannot be overstated because it is essential for maintaining healthy bones and protecting against diseases and conditions. So, to balance the deficit of vitamin D quantity in the body, consuming vitamin D-rich food items is always the suggested solution! 

This blog page will provide you with all the information about vitamin D-rich fruits and vegetables. So keep reading!

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Role of Vitamin D in the Human Body

Vitamin D, also known as the sunshine vitamin, is a fat-soluble vitamin controlling the optimum levels of calcium, magnesium and phosphorus in the body. It is unique because our bodies can produce it when exposed to sunlight. Vitamin D is essential for various bodily functions and involves numerous processes.

Let's explore the significance of vitamin D in the human body.

  1. Promotes the development of strong bones and teeth.

  2. Supports the proper functioning of the immune, nervous, and brain systems.

  3. Helps in maintaining cardiovascular and lung health.

  4. Helps to improve muscle performance and reduce the risk of falls and fractures in older adults.

  5. Has an impact on the gene expressions related to cancer. 

Now, it is also essential to know the normal range of Vitamin D that is advised for different age groups, which is given below:

  1. For infants in the age group between 0 to 12 months, the range is 10 micrograms (mcg) or 400 international units (IU). 

  2. For individuals in the age group 1 to 70 years , the normal range is 15 mcg or 600 IU. 

  3. For individuals above the age of 70, the ideal range is 20 mcg or 800 IU.

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Best Sources of Vitamin D-Rich Fruits and Vegetables

Consuming vitamin D sources fruits and vegetables is highly essential for the body. But to incorporate the correct amounts of vitamin D in food, you must first identify the most appropriate sources. Here is the list of vitamin D foods and fruits and vegetables you must include in your daily meals.

Vitamin D Fruits

  1. Avocado: Avocado is a versatile fruit that is not only delicious but also offers various health benefits. It is a good source of healthy fats, fiber, and several essential nutrients, including Vitamin D. Although the Vitamin D content in avocados is relatively low compared to other sources, it can still contribute to your overall intake.

  2. Kiwi: Kiwi is a tropical fruit known for its vibrant green flesh and tangy flavor. It is packed with essential nutrients, including Vitamin C, Vitamin K, and fibre. Kiwi also contains a small amount of Vitamin D, making it a nutritious addition to your diet.

  3. Oranges: Oranges are famous for their high Vitamin C content, but they also provide a small amount of Vitamin D. These citrus fruits are refreshing and can be enjoyed as a snack or as part of juices, smoothies, or fruit salads.

  4. Bananas: Banana is another excellent fruit rich in vitamin D. They are a fantastic source of magnesium, which stimulates the body's production of vitamin D. 

    Magnesium influences levels of parathyroid hormone and the active form of vitamin D, both of which are significant regulators of bone homeostasis. The consumption of 1 to 2 bananas each day is advised by health professionals.
  1. Figs: Figs, or ‘Anjeer in Hindi’, are referred to as the fruit of paradise and are known to be one of the fruits rich in vitamins D, C, A, and B. It is a natural source of calcium, phosphorus, phosphoric acid, and protein. Figs are generally consumed as dry fruit. 

  2. Papaya: Papaya is a tropical fruit rich in vitamins and antioxidants. It contains a small amount of Vitamin D and is a refreshing choice for a healthy snack or addition to fruit salads.

Vitamin D-Rich Vegetables

  1. Mushrooms: Certain mushrooms, such as maitake, morel, and shiitake, can produce vitamin D when exposed to sunlight. Fresh button mushrooms produce high levels of vitamin D2 when intentionally exposed to midday sunlight for 15 to 20 minutes, typically over 10 g/100 g FW, which is close to the daily recommendation of vitamin D (that is suggested in many countries). 

  2. Spinach: Spinach is a nutrient-dense leafy green vegetable that offers a wide range of vitamins and minerals, including Vitamin D. While the Vitamin D content in spinach is relatively low, it still contributes to your overall intake.

  3. Kale: Kale is regarded as one of the best vitamin-rich vegetables due to the outstanding nutritional advantages that it provides. Kale abounds in vitamins B and D and helps promote proper brain functioning. In kale, you will find the powerful antioxidants kaempferol and quercetin, which are great for your brain's health.

  4. Broccoli: Broccoli is a cruciferous vegetable that is a good source of vitamins A and K, which support the healthy metabolism of vitamin D. Calcium absorption is aided by vitamin D, which supports and fosters bone growth and health.

  5. Brussels Sprouts: Brussels sprouts are rich in vitamins and minerals, including Vitamin D. They are versatile vegetables that can be roasted, sautéed, or added to salads.

  6. Sweet Potato: Numerous nutrients are included in sweet potatoes, including fiber, manganese, vitamin A (beta-carotene), vitamin D, potassium, copper, and many others. Sweet potatoes are considered a healthier alternative to white potatoes since they are somewhat lower on the glycaemic index and have more fiber.

Other Vitamin D Sources

  1. Salmon: Salmon is a top choice on the list of vitamin D-rich foods because it is a fantastic source of protein, healthy fats, and various essential vitamins and minerals. One 3.5-ounce (100 grams) of farmed Atlantic salmon has 526 IU or 66% of the daily value of vitamin D.

  2. Tofu: Tofu, which is high in calcium and vitamin D, helps your body get enough protein and can help your bones grow stronger. This ingredient can be roasted, seared or grilled in addition to being used in a conventional curry dish. 

  3. Eggs: It's important to consume the whole egg rather than just the whites since the yolk of an egg provides vitamin D. The yolk of one whole egg contains about 88 IU of vitamin D.

  4. Cheese: Some types of cheese, such as Swiss and cheddar, are good sources of Vitamin D. Additionally, cheese is also a rich source of calcium and protein.

  5. Fortified Dairy Products: Many dairy products, including milk, yogurt, and certain types of cheese, are fortified with vitamin D. Check the labels to ensure they are fortified, and choose products that provide the desired Vitamin D content.

  6. Cod Liver Oil: Cod liver oil is a popular ingredient rich in vitamin D, vitamin A, and omega-3 fatty acids. Consumption of this oil helps to boost brain function, support healthy, strong bones, and also helps in avoiding adult osteoporosis.

  7. Fortified Cereals and Breakfast Products: Certain cereals, oatmeal, and breakfast bars are fortified with vitamin D. Check the labels to find products that are fortified with Vitamin D and other essential nutrients.

  8. Fortified Plant-Based Milk: Plant-based milk alternatives like soy milk, almond milk, and oat milk are often fortified with Vitamin D. These products can be a suitable option for individuals who follow a vegan or lactose-free diet.

Tips to Remember - Vitamin D-Rich Fruits and Vegetables

Although, vitamin D fruits and vegetables may help with the daily vitamin D needs. However, one must keep remembering certain points in mind while taking the above-mentioned fruit and vegetables to get the right amount of vitamin D which is necessary for the body.

Here are some tips to remember while consuming Vitamin D-rich fruits and vegetables:

  1. Include a Variety of Fruits and Vegetables: To ensure you get a diverse range of nutrients, including Vitamin D, it's important to include a variety of fruits and vegetables in your diet. Aim for a colorful assortment, as different fruits and vegetables offer different vitamins and minerals.

  2. Opt for Fresh and Local Produce: Fresh and locally sourced fruits and vegetables are often more nutrient-dense compared to those that have been stored for a long time or transported over long distances. Look for farmers' markets or local produce suppliers to get the freshest options.

  3. Consider Organic Options: Choosing organic fruits and vegetables can reduce exposure to pesticides and potentially harmful chemicals. While the Vitamin D content remains the same in both organic and conventionally grown produce, opting for organic options can be beneficial for overall health.

  4. Proper Storage and Preparation: To maximize the Vitamin D content in fruits and vegetables, it's important to store and prepare them properly. Store produce in a cool, dark place or in the refrigerator to slow down nutrient loss. Additionally, avoid overcooking or overprocessing vegetables to retain their nutritional value.

  5. Be Mindful of Portion Sizes: While fruits and vegetables are beneficial for overall health, it's important to consume them in moderation and in accordance with your individual dietary needs. Be mindful of portion sizes to maintain a balanced diet.

Lifestyle Changes

Lifestyle changes also play a vital role in maintaining adequate vitamin levels in the body. Here are some lifestyle changes to consider while consuming vitamin D-rich fruits and vegetables:

  1. Get Adequate Sunlight Exposure: While food high in vitamin D can increase your vitamin D consumption, sunlight is the best source of this vitamin. Spend some time outside, ideally in the early morning or late afternoon, so that the sun can naturally synthesize vitamin D in your skin.

  2. Maintain a Healthy Weight: Since vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin, having too much body fat might affect how well it is absorbed and used. You can support ideal Vitamin D metabolism by eating a balanced diet and exercising frequently to maintain a healthy weight.

  3. Regular Exercise: Regular physical activity and exercise can enhance general health and support the maintenance of vitamin D levels. On most days of the week, try to get in at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity, such as brisk walking, running, cycling, or swimming.

  4. Manage Stress Levels: Chronic stress can impact the metabolism of vitamin D and other elements of health. To improve general well-being, try stress-reduction methods like yoga, meditation, deep breathing, or mindfulness.

  5. Avoid Alcohol Consumption and Smoking: Alcohol consumption and smoking can interfere with the absorption and utilization of nutrients, including vitamin D. 

  6. Follow a Balanced Diet: Maintain a balanced diet with a variety of nutrient-dense foods while including vitamin D-rich fruits and vegetables. To make sure you get all the nutrients you need for good health, put an emphasis on whole grains, lean proteins, healthy fats, and a variety of fruits and vegetables.

  7. Stay Hydrated: For the body to work at its best and absorb nutrients, proper hydration is crucial. To promote general health and well-being, drink enough water throughout the day.

When to Consult a Doctor?

Your body requires vitamin D to stay healthy. Never take more vitamin D than is advised without consulting with your doctor or a dietician. Additionally, exercise caution when consuming high quantities of vitamin A, which certain fish oils contain in addition to vitamin D. 

Speak with your provider if you have questions about your vitamin D intake or how your body is utilizing it. Your doctor might advise routinely monitoring tests for vitamin D levels to make sure they're within a safe range, if you have indicators of risk for vitamin D deficiency. 


It's essential to get enough vitamin D to keep your bones strong. Spending time outdoors in the sun is the simplest approach for obtaining adequate Vitamin D. At the same time, including vitamin D fruits and vegetables or vitamin D supplements can also play a crucial role in this process. 

Moreover, if you are looking for information regarding vitamin D and how its deficiencies are treated, you can contact HexaHealth for the same. The experts here will help you find the best medical practitioners for the proper consultation.

Suggested Reads

14 Signs Of Vitamin D Deficiency
Dry Fruits Rich In Vitamin D
Vitamin D Foods for Vegetarians
Best Time to get Vitamin D from Sun in India

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is vitamin D, and why is it essential for our health?

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin added to some foods, found naturally in a few, and offered as a dietary supplement.

It is a fat-soluble vitamin that has long been recognised for assisting the body's absorption and retention of calcium and phosphorus, both of which are essential for bone development.

What are some common symptoms of vitamin D deficiency?

Adults with a vitamin D deficiency may experience the following symptoms:

  1. Fatigue, pains, and aches

  2. Fractures, particularly in the legs, pelvis, and hips that cause excruciating bone or muscle pain or weakness

What are the top 20 vitamin D-rich foods, fruits and vegetables?

The top 20 vitamin D-rich foods, fruits, and vegetables are as follows:

  1. Avocado

  2. Kiwi

  3. Oranges

  4. Bananas

  5. Figs 

  6. Papaya

  7. Mushrooms

  8. Spinach

  9. Kale

  10. Broccoli

  11. Brussels Sprouts

  12. Sweet Potato

  13. Salmon

  14. Tofu

  15. Eggs

  16. Cheese

  17. Fortified Dairy Products

  18. Cod Liver Oil

  19. Fortified Cereals and Breakfast Products

  20. Fortified Plant-Based Milk

Which fruits have vitamin D in maximum concentration?

Although there are limited fruits rich in vitamin D, oranges and bananas are excellent choices. Bananas have high magnesium content, which activates vitamin D in the body.

It is also recommended that a sufficient level of magnesium is required to get the full benefits of vitamin D. 

So, if you are feeling a lack of vitamin D in your diet, then including these two is the easiest way forward.

What are some other food sources of vitamin D besides fruits and vegetables?

These are some of the other sources of Vitamin D besides fruits and vegetables — cod liver oil, wild-caught salmon, mackerel, tuna fish, fortified milk, fortified yoghurt, sardines, fortified orange juice, beef liver, eggs, fortified cereal, caviar/fish roe, fortified cheeses, shiitake mushrooms and oyster mushrooms.

What is the recommended daily intake of vitamin D for adults?

Your body needs vitamin D to maintain strong bones and control several biological processes in your body. For children under the age of one, 400 international units (IU) of vitamin D are advised.

For individuals between the ages of 1 and 70, the advisable limit is 600 IU and 800 IU for those above 70 years of age.

Can consuming vitamin D-rich fruits and vegetables alone provide the recommended daily intake?

No, consuming vitamin D-rich fruits and vegetables alone will not provide the recommended daily intake.

Certain foods like sardines, fish, eggs, margarine and cheese are also essential and must be added to the diet.

What are some ways to incorporate vitamin D-rich fruits and vegetables into a daily diet?

Incorporating vegetables and fruits, such as kale, bananas and mushrooms, in the diet in the form of salads and certain other delicacies are most convenient.

Also, other vitamin D-rich foods like cheese, fish, eggs and margarine could be incorporated as it is convenient.

What are some recipes that use vitamin D-rich fruits and vegetables?

Incorporating various vitamin D-rich fruits and vegetables into the daily diet sometimes seems too difficult. However, these recipes are super nutritious and easy to follow –  

  1. Scrambled eggs with salmon, asparagus, and goat cheese

  2. Honey-mustard salmon with roasted asparagus

  3. Roast salmon with lentils

  4. Smoked salmon sandwich

  5. Grilled salmon with chermoula chickpeas

Are there any fruits or vegetables that have more vitamin D than others?

Oranges and bananas are fruits rich in vit D as compared to others. At the same time, you can include mushrooms and spinach, as they are two essential sources of vitamin D.

How can we ensure that we get enough vitamin D in our diet?

Sometimes, adding vitamin D-rich foods to the diet can be a troublesome task.

However, nowadays, there are several recipes available in the form of salads, sandwiches and other options, which makes it much easier to incorporate vitamin D-rich foods into the diet.

How does cooking or processing fruits and vegetables affect their vitamin D content?

Different cooking methods have different effects on the content of vitamins in fruits and vegetables. However, overcooking, excessive boiling and microwaving could lead to a loss of nutrients.

Are there any risks associated with consuming too much vitamin D?

The main side effect of vitamin D overdose is hypercalcemia, which can result in nausea and vomiting, weakness and frequent urination.

Kidney problems, such as the development of calcium stones and bone discomfort, may result from vitamin D intoxication. Treatment involves limiting dietary calcium and reducing vitamin D consumption.

How can people with dietary restrictions or allergies still obtain vitamin D from fruits and vegetables?

There is an abundance of natural sources of Vitamin D to choose from, including fruits, vegetables, eggs, caviar, mushroom, margarine, etc.

However, if a person suffers from Vitamin D deficiency, they could always go for Vitamin D supplements.

What is the role of vitamin D in bone health and preventing osteoporosis?

Vitamin D reduces bone loss and fracture risk, particularly in elderly men and women. Vitamin D works in conjunction with calcium to both prevent and treat osteoporosis.

An appropriate supply of vitamin D is necessary for effective calcium absorption.

Can vitamin D intake impact mental health and well-being?

As important as it is for physical health, vitamin D is crucial for mental well-being as well.

There is adequate evidence to support the hypothesis that a deficiency in vitamin D can cause symptoms of depression.

Add foods high in vitamin D to your diet and get enough sun exposure to avoid this from happening.

What are some common misconceptions about vitamin D and its sources?

Although getting out in the sun to get enough Vitamin D for the body is recommended, too much of anything can be harmful.

It is a myth that the more Vitamin D one gets, the better it is for one. However, too much sunlight could lead to skin cancer or other related ailments.

How can we raise awareness about the importance of consuming vitamin D-rich fruits and vegetables?

Awareness about the importance of consuming vitamin D-rich fruits and vegetables could be spread through social networking websites and online campaigns that highlight the importance of the various nutrients and their necessary daily intake proportions.

Also, outdoor campaigns and health check-up camps are great ways to spread awareness.

How does the availability of vitamin D-rich fruits and vegetables differ in different parts of the world?

The availability of vitamin D fruits and vegetables, depends on multiple factors.

This will include the climate and topography of that region. Also, rainfall, soil quality, etc. also play a part.

What is the future of research on vitamin D and its health benefits?

Researchers are now focusing on additional ways that vitamin D supplementation might benefit humans.

Those with autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and psoriasis, may benefit from taking high-dose of vitamin D supplements.

The chance of having an autoimmune disorder was 22% lower in those individuals who used high-dose vitamin D supplements for five years.


All the articles on HexaHealth are supported by verified medically-recognized sources such as; peer-reviewed academic research papers, research institutions, and medical journals. Our medical reviewers also check references of the articles to prioritize accuracy and relevance. Refer to our detailed editorial policy for more information.

  1. Hecht A. Top Foods for Calcium and Vitamin D [Internet]. WebMD. WebMD; 2010. link
  2. Jones T. 9 Healthy Foods That Are High in Vitamin D [Internet]. Healthline. Healthline Media; 2018. link
  3. Vitamin D foods: Fruits, vegetables, and other sources [Internet]. 2019. link
  4. National Institutes of Health. Office of Dietary Supplements - Vitamin D [Internet]. 2017. link

Updated on : 6 September 2023


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HexaHealth Care Team

HexaHealth Care Team brings you medical content covering many important conditions, procedures falling under different medical specialities. The content published is thoroughly reviewed by our panel of qualified doctors for its accuracy and relevance.

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