Transgender is an umbrella term that comprises the following categories:
- Transexual: These people have a different gender identity different from their assigned sex. Generally, these people desire to change their bodies through hormones, surgeries or other methods to make the body aligned with gender identity.
- Cross-dressing: People who cross-dress wear dresses assigned to the other sex in their culture. Such people do not have a desire to change their sex and are comfortable with their assigned sex.
- Drag queens and drag kings: Drag queens are men who dress like women to entertain others at clubs, bars or other events. Drag kings are women who dress like men to entertain others.
- Genderqueer: Such people define their gender out of the boundary for men or women.
- Other categories: The other transgender categories include a multi-gendered, third gender, androgynous, gender nonconforming and two-spirit people.
What are the Stages of Transition for Transgender?
The transgender individual experiences the following stages of transition:
Stage 1: In the initial stage, the person consults with psychologists or mental health providers. These should be experts in gender issues. During the consultation, the doctor will diagnose gender dysphoria or gender identity disorder. Once the condition is confirmed, the doctor will provide risks associated with the gender reassignment procedure. Further, the doctor will also discuss in detail with the patient hormone therapy and surgery to allow the patient to make an informed decision. After the 2-3 visits, the psychologists may refer the patient to endocrinologists.
Stage 2: Hormones play an essential role in developing sexual characteristics. Men who desire to transition into women take female hormones. These hormones increase breast tissues, reduce muscle mass and strength, and slow the growth of body hair. Women who desire to transition into men require to take male hormones. These hormones increase muscle mass and strength, deepening the voice and enhancing the body and facial hair. It has been recommended that the person must undergo hormonal therapy before opting for surgery.
Stage 3: Approximately three-fourths of transgender undergo gender reassignment surgery. One of the important hurdles is cost, as the patient has to undergo multiple surgeries. Further, the insurance coverage may be different. Both the surgeon and the patients must be certain about surgery. There are risks and complications associated with the surgery, including urethral narrowing, abnormal connections, and tissue death.