Bone Marrow Real Pictures, Images and Photos

Written by Hexahealth Care Team, last updated on 12 March 2024
Bone Marrow Real Pictures, Images and Photos

Have you ever wondered what the real picture of bone marrow looks like? Bone marrow, hidden deep within our bones, is a fascinating and essential part of our body's structure and function. 

In this article, we will delve into the intriguing world of bone marrow and explore different components using bone marrow images.

Prepare to discover the hidden beauty and intricate details that lie beneath the surface.

What is Bone Marrow?

Bone marrow is an essential human body component responsible for producing and maintaining blood cells. It is a soft, spongy tissue found in the center of bones that is vital to our overall health.

Blood cells are like tiny workers that help our bodies to perform different bodily functions. Some blood cells carry oxygen to each and every organ of the body, some fight pathogens and other foreign organisms, and some help our blood clot if we get a cut or a wound. 

The importance of bone marrow can be attributed to its role in maintaining a healthy blood supply, supporting immune system operation, and promoting the body's capacity for recovery and healing. Numerous conditions and illnesses, such as anaemia (low red blood cell count), immunological deficiencies, and clotting abnormalities, can develop without healthy bone marrow function. 

Bone marrow can be donated to patients with severe immune system diseases, blood abnormalities, or specific types of cancer.

India has one of the world's highest numbers of bone marrow donors. This is a testament to bone marrow's growing awareness and importance in our country's healthcare system.

What is Bone Marrow? || image
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Types of Bone Marrow

There are two main types of bone marrow: Red marrow and Yellow marrow. The composition and functions of these types differ, and they are found in different locations within the body.

  1. Red Bone Marrow: It is also known as myeloid tissue and it is the active haematopoietic tissue responsible for blood cell production (red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets).
    1. It is most commonly present in flat bones like the sternum (breastbone), pelvis, ribs, skull, and vertebrae. It is also found towards the end of long bones like the femur and humerus.
    2. Red marrow is plentiful in young people but becomes less so as they get older.
    3. Red marrow is composed of various cell types, blood vessels, and a supportive matrix. 
  2. Yellow Bone Marrow: Yellow marrow, also known as fatty marrow, is primarily composed of adipocytes or fat cells.
    It contains fewer hematopoietic stem cells and precursor cells compared to red marrow.
    1. It is found mainly in the long bones, such as the femur (thigh bone) and humerus (upper arm bone). 
    2. Yellow marrow is more prevalent in adults than in children.
    3. In severe blood loss or injury conditions, yellow bone marrow can convert back to the red bone marrow to replenish blood cells.

A red bone marrow picture might show dark, spongy tissue with lots of blood vessels, while a picture of yellow bone marrow might show a fatty, yellowish substance. 

By visualising the bone marrow images, we can better understand the accurate structure and function of each type of bone marrow.

Types of Bone Marrow || image

Structure of Bone Marrow

The structure of bone marrow is intricate and consists of various components that support its functions. Here is a detailed overview of the bone marrow structure:

  1. Trabecular Bone: Sometimes referred to as cancellous or spongy bone, has voids that home the bone marrow. 
    1. An open lattice-like structure is formed by the network of bony struts that make up trabecular bone. 
    2. The bone marrow is supported and kept structurally sound by these trabeculae.
  2. Bone Marrow Cavity: Within the trabecular bone, bone marrow cavities are present. Bone marrow is housed in these cavities, which are confined chambers. 
    1. Adult long bones like the femur (thigh bone) and humerus (upper arm bone), as well as flat bones like the sternum (breastbone), pelvis, ribs, skull, and vertebrae, are where the bone marrow cavities are most frequently found.
  3. Red Marrow: The core portion of the bone marrow cavities is occupied by the red marrow.

    It has a lot of blood vessels and produces blood cells through a process called hematopoiesis. Red marrow consists of the following components:
    1. Hematopoietic Stem Cells: These undifferentiated cells have the capacity to generate several blood cell subtypes.
      1. Lymphoid Cells: These cells develop into immune cells. This includes T cells, B cells, and natural killer cells.
      2. Megakaryocytes: These cells produce platelets, which help with blood clotting.
      3. Erythroblasts: These cells produce red blood cells, which carry oxygen throughout the body.
    2. Precursor Cells: Hematopoietic stem cells give rise to precursor cells, also referred to as progenitor cells.

      They proceed through differentiation and maturation to make platelets, white blood cells, and red blood cells.
    3. Adipocytes: A limited number of fat cells, or adipocytes, are present in red marrow. They are not as prevalent as yellow marrow, though.
    4. Reticular Cells: The bone marrow's structural integrity is supported by a network of reticular fibers that are produced by reticular cells.
  4. Yellow Marrow: Yellow marrow is found in the peripheral region of the bone marrow cavities, surrounding the red marrow. 
    1. Adipose tissue, which is made up of fat cells called adipocytes, makes up the majority of it. 
    2. Triglycerides are stored in yellow marrow, which gives the body access to reserves of energy.
  5. Blood Vessels: The bone marrow has a dense network of blood arteries running through it, making it highly vascularized. 
    1. The oxygen, nutrients, and hormones that are needed by the bone marrow are delivered through blood vessels such as arteries, veins, and capillaries. 
    2. Additionally, they eliminate waste items produced during hematopoiesis.
  6. Reticular Network: Reticulated cells that create reticular fibers are found in the bone marrow.

    These fibers create a network of support throughout the marrow, giving the numerous cells and components structural support and anchoring.
  7. Endosteum: The inner surface of the bone marrow cavity is lined with a thin layer of connective tissue called the endosteum.

    It contains cells that contribute to bone remodeling and controls the actions of bone-forming cells.
Structure of Bone Marrow || image

Function of Bone Marrow

The bone marrow is responsible for essential functions that are vital for the proper functioning of the body. This section talks about these vital functions of bone marrow. 

  1. Hematopoiesis: It is the process of producing distinct blood cell types. It is carried out by the bone marrow.

    It creates platelets (thrombocytes), which help blood clot, leukocytes, which fight infections, and red blood cells (erythrocytes), which deliver oxygen.
  2. Oxygenation and Carbon Dioxide Removal: Haemoglobin, a component of red blood cells made in the bone marrow, binds to oxygen in the lungs and carries it to tissues all over the body.

    The waste product carbon dioxide is simultaneously removed and sent back to the lungs for expiration.
  3. Immune Function: Different types of white blood cells, such as lymphocytes, monocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils, are produced by the bone marrow.

    Through their defense against infections, viruses, bacteria, and other hazardous agents, these cells serve crucial roles in the immune system.
  4. Blood Clotting: Blood clotting depends on the bone marrow-derived platelets. In order to create a clot and stop excessive bleeding, platelets gather and attach to the site of a blood vessel injury.
  5. Stem Cell Maintenance: Haematopoietic stem cells, which may divide and develop into numerous types of blood cells, are found in the bone marrow.

    Throughout life, these stem cells aid in maintaining a steady flow of fresh blood cells.

There is no denying that any disturbances in the normal functioning of bone marrow can impose many serious problems on a person's health. 

Function of Bone Marrow || image


Bone marrow is a vital part of our bodies that we often take for granted. Bone marrow real pictures, images, and photos can help medical professionals and patients understand the structure, function, biopsy procedure, disorders, diseases, and bone marrow transplant.

If you still have doubts regarding bone marrow or are looking for bone marrow-related information, you can contact HexaHealth experts.

HexaHealth is one stop platform for all your medical needs. From searching for the best doctors, and hospitals, to insurance and other medical services, we provide it all. So why wait? Contact our experts TODAY!

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Frequently Asked Questions

Where can I find a real bone marrow picture?

If you are interested in finding real bone marrow pictures, several options are available. One place to start is with medical textbooks or journals, which often feature detailed bone marrow real pictures.

You may also be able to find bone marrow pictures online through credible medical websites or databases.

Are there any bone marrow images available online?

Yes, there are many bone marrow images available online. You can search for them through medical databases like PubMed or MedlinePlus or search engines like Google.

It's important to ensure that you are accessing reliable sources, such as medical journals or websites, to ensure that the images are accurate and useful.

What does a bone marrow photo look like?

A bone marrow photo can vary depending on its image type. It may be a microscopic view of bone marrow cells or a larger image of bone marrow tissue. Typically, a bone marrow photo will show the unique structure of bone marrow and the different types of cells that make it up.

How can I view a real bone marrow picture?

To view bone marrow's real picture, you can start by searching online or consulting medical textbooks. Suppose one has a specific reason for needing to view a bone marrow picture, such as for medical research or diagnosis.

In that case, you may need to consult with a medical professional who can provide you with access to relevant images.

Can bone marrow images be seen in the body under a microscope?

Yes, bone marrow images can be seen under a microscope. Many of the most detailed images of bone marrow are obtained through microscopic examination of bone marrow tissue or cells.

This can be especially useful for diagnosing bone marrow disorders or diseases.

What types of bone marrow images are there?

There are several different types of bone marrow images in the body, including:

  1. Microscopic images of bone marrow cells
  2. Larger images of bone marrow tissue, which may be obtained through a biopsy
  3. Bone marrow real pictures were taken using imaging technologies, such as MRI or CT scans

Can I find bone marrow photos in medical textbooks?

Yes, you can find bone marrow photos in medical textbooks. These books often feature detailed images of bone marrow structure and cells and information on different bone marrow disorders and diseases.

Bone marrow photos can be found in medical journals and other academic publications.

How do bone marrow images help doctors in diagnosis and treatment?

Bone marrow images can be incredibly helpful for doctors in diagnosing and treating various bone marrow disorders and diseases. By examining images of bone marrow tissue or cells, doctors can identify abnormalities and make more accurate diagnoses.

This can help them determine the best course of treatment for patients, whether that involves medication, therapy, or bone marrow transplant.

Are there any websites that have bone marrow pictures for educational purposes?

Many websites have bone marrow pictures available for educational purposes. These sites may be geared toward medical professionals or students, but they can also be useful for those who want to discover more about bone marrow structure and function.

Some good places to start by simply doing a Google search, but relevant ones include medical databases like PubMed and medical education websites like TeachMeAnatomy.

How can I differentiate between healthy and unhealthy bone marrow from pictures or images?

Differentiating between healthy and unhealthy bone marrow from pictures or images can be challenging, as many bone marrow disorders and diseases can have similar visual characteristics. However, trained medical professionals can often identify abnormalities or signs of disease through careful examination of bone marrow images.

It's important to consult with a medical professional if you have any concerns about your bone marrow health or if you are interpreting bone marrow images for diagnostic purposes.


All the articles on HexaHealth are supported by verified medically-recognized sources such as; peer-reviewed academic research papers, research institutions, and medical journals. Our medical reviewers also check references of the articles to prioritize accuracy and relevance. Refer to our detailed editorial policy for more information.

  1. National Library of Medicine. PubMed Labs [Internet]. PubMed Labs.
  2. Bone marrow: Function, diseases, transplants, and donation [Internet].
  3. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus [Internet].
  4. Cleveland Clinic. Bone Marrow: What it is & Why it is Important [Internet]. Cleveland Clinic.

Updated on : 12 March 2024


About Authors

HexaHealth Care Team

HexaHealth Care Team brings you medical content covering many important conditions, procedures falling under different medical specialities. The content published is thoroughly reviewed by our panel of qualified doctors for its accuracy and relevance.

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