T Cell Lymphoma - Symptoms, Causes, Pictures, Treatment

Medically Reviewed by Dr. Aman Priya Khanna
Written by Sangeeta Sharma, last updated on 17 August 2023
T Cell Lymphoma - Symptoms, Causes, Pictures, Treatment

T-cell lymphomas belong to the category of uncommon and rare types of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. It affects the T-cells. These cells are an integral part of the immune system. 

This rare form of lymphoma accounts for approximately 15% of all non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. Unfortunately, these illnesses tend to have a less positive outcome than the more prevalent B-cell lymphomas. This article will explain T-cell lymphoma, its meaning, symptoms, causes, and treatment options.

Disease Name

T- Cell Lymphoma



Enlarged lymph, liver, Fever and night sweats, Weight loss, Fatigue


Hereditary, Immunodeficiency, Viral infection


Blood Tests, MRI, CT Scan, Biopsy

Treated by

Medical and Surgical Oncologists

Treatment Options

Chemotherapy, Radiation therapy, Targeted therapy, Immunotherapy, Stem cell transplantation

What is T Cell Lymphoma?

The human immune system relies on the lymphoid system, which includes different types of immune cells like NK cells, B-cells, and T-cells. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is a condition affecting these immune cells. Understanding these cells from their development to maturity is crucial to diagnose and manage these diseases effectively.

T-cell lymphomas can be either slow-growing or fast-growing. The chances of getting T-cell lymphoma rise as you get older. Where you live, and your ethnicity also affect how likely you are to get it. Typically, people between 55 to 74 years old are diagnosed with PTCL (peripheral T- cell lymphoma), and it's more often seen in males.

T Cell Lymphoma Types

T-cell lymphomas are classified into various categories, each with its own set of features.  NK cells are closely related to T-cells; their cancers are also part of this classification. 

World Health Organization (WHO) updated the classification for lymphomas, categorizing T-cell and NK-cell lymphomas into Precursor and Mature T-cell neoplasms. The mature group is further divided based on whether they primarily involve the blood, lymph nodes, other tissues, or the skin.  

Here are some examples of common subtypes:

  1. Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma: PTCL is a type of T cell Lymphoma that develops from mature T cells outside the lymph nodes. The epidermis, gastrointestinal tract, and bone marrow are all affected by PTCLs. It is an aggressive form of cancer.
  2. Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma: CTCL is a type of lymphoma that mostly affects the skin. It is distinguished by the presence of malignant T cells in the skin layers. It is an indolent (slow-growing) form of lymphoma.
  3. Nasal Extranodal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma: This unusual subtype is not very common in India. It usually affects the nose, upper respiratory tract, and, on rare occasions, the skin.
  4. Enteropathy-associated T-Cell Lymphoma (EATL): This rare lymphoma is linked to celiac illness (gluten-sensitive enteropathy). It is most typically found in the small intestine and is frequently aggressive.
  5. Hepatosplenic T-Cell Lymphoma: This aggressive form of T-cell Lymphoma primarily affects the liver and spleen. It frequently affects people with impaired immune systems. This includes those who have had organ transplants or who have hematologic illnesses.
  6. Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma: ALCL is distinguished by the presence of massive abnormal T-cells in the lymph nodes, skin, and other organs. ALCL can be systemic (affecting many organs) or primary cutaneous (affecting only the skin).
  7. T-Cell Prolymphocytic Leukaemia: T-PLL is a rare and aggressive kind of T-cell leukaemia that affects the bone marrow, lymph nodes, and spleen.

T Cell Lymphoma Stages

T-cell lymphoma staging is an important part of the illness evaluation since it determines the spread of cancer. Once the stage is known, oncologists can plan the best treatment strategy. Listed below are the four stages of T-cell lymphoma:

  1. Stage I: At this stage, the cancer has spread to a single lymph node region or organ.

  2. Stage II: The cancer in this stage has spread to two or more lymph node regions on the same side of the diaphragm. It may have spread to a nearby organ.

  3. Stage III: Here, cancer spreads to lymph node on both sides of the diaphragm.  It could also have spread to other lymph nodes or organs.

  4. Stage IV: The cancer has migrated to distant organs or tissues beyond the lymph nodes in this stage. It may affect the bone marrow, liver, lungs, or other organs.

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T Cell Lymphoma Symptoms

T-cell lymphoma symptoms widely vary based on the subtype and organs involved. One may not notice any symptoms of the condition in the early stages, but it is advisable to be alert. It can cause the following symptoms:

  1. Lymph node enlargement: Enlarged, painless lymph nodes are a common symptom of lymphoma. Swollen lymph nodes can be found in the neck, armpits, groin, or elsewhere in the body.

  2. Fever and night sweats: Patients may experience inexplicable fever, which is frequently accompanied by night sweats. This can be due to poor immune response.

  3. Unexpected weight loss: Significant and unintended weight loss may occur as a result of cancer cells' increased metabolic requirements.

  4. Fatigue: T-cell lymphoma can result in generalised weariness, weakness, and a lack of vitality.

  5. Skin changes: Patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphomas, such as mycosis fungoides (the most common type of blood cancer), can acquire skin patches. Itchy, red, rough, or ulcerated skin changes are possible.

  6. Gastrointestinal symptoms:T-cell lymphoma cells can grow and accumulate in the walls of the stomach or intestines, causing gastrointestinal symptoms.

  7. Respiratory symptoms: This can be caused when T-cell lymphoma has spread to the lungs or nearby locations. It will lead to coughing and breathing problems. 

T Cell Lymphoma Causes

The precise causes of T-cell lymphoma are unknown. Several factors, however, have been linked to an increased chance of developing T-cell lymphoma:

  1. Hereditary predisposition: In some cases, hereditary variables may raise the probability of developing T-cell lymphoma. Certain genetic mutations like T-cell receptor (TCR) genes and TP53 involved in cell development and immunological function may be involved.

  2. Immunodeficiency: It can cause the development of T-cell lymphoma. This is because it impairs the immune system's ability to regulate and control abnormal cell proliferation.

  3. Viral infections: This can contribute to the development of T-cell lymphoma in a variety of ways. It results in unregulated cell growth, eventually contributing to the development of cancer, mainly peripheral T-cell lymphoma and nasal NK/T cell lymphoma.

T-Cell Lymphoma Risk Factors

The risk factors for T-cell lymphoma can differ depending on the subtype of the disease. Certain factors have been identified as potentially increasing the risk of acquiring this form of lymphoma. Among the known risk factors are:

  1. Age: T-cell lymphomas can occur at any age. However, certain subtypes are more common in specific age groups. For example, some cutaneous T-cell lymphomas are more common in elderly people.

  2. Gender: Some T-cell lymphoma subtypes may show a little gender predisposition. Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) positive, for example, is more prevalent in young boys.

  3. Prior Radiation or Chemotherapy: Prior treatment with chemotherapy or radiation therapy for other illnesses may modestly increase the risk of developing secondary lymphoma.

  4. Autoimmune Diseases: Autoimmune diseases, in which the immune system incorrectly hits the body's own tissues, may raise the risk of lymphoma.

  5. Chemical Exposures: Prolonged exposure to some chemicals or environmental variables may raise the risk of T-cell lymphoma, albeit the precise substances involved are not usually well-defined.

Prevention of T-Cell Lymphoma

There are no specific preventative methods since the causes of T-cell Lymphomas are not known. There are, however, basic lifestyle and medical practices that may help minimise the overall risk of developing T-cell Lymphomas:

Healthy Lifestyle: Adopting a healthy lifestyle can improve general well-being and may reduce the risk of cancer indirectly. This includes: 

  1. Eating a well-balanced diet
  2. Engaging in exercise
  3. Refraining from alcohol consumption and smoking

Protection Against Viral Infections: The following may help lower the risk of various viral-related lymphomas:

  1. Minimising viral exposure
  2. Getting vaccination

Regular Health Check-ups: It is critical to have regular health check-ups and screenings. It is especially important for people with a family history of lymphoma or other cancers. Individuals with immune deficiencies and those who have had organ transplants are also included.

How is T Cell Lymphoma Diagnosed?

T-cell lymphoma is diagnosed using a variety of medical examinations, tests, and procedures. The diagnostic tests of this cancer help determine the existence of aberrant T cells, the exact subtype and extent of the disease. The following steps are frequently included in the diagnostic process:

  1. Medical History and Physical Examination: The doctor will begin with a thorough medical history. It includes any symptoms a patient may be having, previous medical issues, family history, and relevant risk factors.

  2. Blood Tests: Blood tests may be performed to determine the complete blood count (CBC). This covers red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelet counts. Blood tests can also be used to evaluate organ function and discover anomalies.

  3. Imaging Testing: Imaging tests may be used to assess the extent of the disease. It can also be used to discover the involvement of other organs or tissues. Computed tomography (CT) scans, positron emission tomography (PET) scans, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) will be used.

  4. Biopsy: T-cell Lymphoma is often diagnosed by taking a tissue sample (biopsy) from an enlarged lymph node or afflicted organ. A bone marrow biopsy may be conducted to assess whether the lymphoma has expanded to the bone marrow.

  5. Immunohistochemistry: Immunohistochemistry is a technique that uses antibodies to find specific proteins in tissue samples. It aids in confirming the presence of T cells and determining the subtype of T cells.

  6. Molecular tests: It can be performed to know about the specific genetic abnormalities or chromosomal rearrangements. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and fluorescent in situ hybridisation (FISH) are two ways to perform these tests.

How to Prepare for Doctor’s Consultation?

Preparing for a doctor's consultation might help a patient make the most of his or her time with the healthcare provider. Individuals should take the following steps to prepare for their doctor's consultation:

  1. Compile Medical History:  Gather all pertinent medical data, including previous diagnoses, treatments, surgeries, and medications. Include any family history of illnesses or conditions related to the current health issues.

  2. Symptoms and Concerns: Make a list of all symptoms, concerns, and health changes. Indicate the duration, frequency, and severity of each symptom. Prioritise the most important subjects to discuss during the meeting.

  3. Medication List: Make a detailed inventory of all current medications, including prescription meds, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Include the medication's name, dosage, and frequency.

  4. Allergies: Make sure to inform the doctor of known allergies to medications, foods, or other substances.

  5. Fasting Instructions: If the doctor has given any particular fasting instructions for any planned tests, be sure to follow them appropriately.

What to Expect from the Doctor?

The individual should anticipate the doctor to do a thorough assessment during a T-cell lymphoma appointment. Understanding their medical history, symptoms, and any relevant risk factors is part of this. The doctor aims to provide an accurate diagnosis and create a suitable treatment plan. Here's what one can expect:

  1. Review of Medical History: The doctor will begin by reviewing the patient's medical history. It contains information about previous medical illnesses, surgeries, and drugs.

  2. Symptoms and Concerns: The doctor will pay close attention as the patient discusses their symptoms.

  3. Physical Exam: A thorough physical examination will be performed to look for swollen lymph nodes, skin abnormalities, or other indicators of illness.

  4. Questions and Discussion: To have a better knowledge of the symptoms and medical history, the doctor will ask certain questions. They may want to know the duration, frequency, and severity of your symptoms.

  5. Treatment Alternatives: Based on the individual's diagnosis, stage of the disease, overall health, and personal preferences, the doctor will present numerous treatment alternatives.

  6. Potential Adverse Effects: The doctor will address the potential side effects of the prescribed treatments. They will also give measures for effectively managing them.

  7. Follow-up Strategy: The doctor will detail the suggested follow-up strategy. This will include regular check-ups, treatment response monitoring, and any other testing or imaging investigations that may be required.

Questions to Ask the Doctor

When discussing T-cell lymphoma with a doctor, it's critical to ask pertinent questions. This will let the patient acquire a better grasp of the diagnosis, treatment options, and overall care of the problem. Here are some crucial questions to ask the doctor:

  1. What form of T-cell lymphoma do I have, and what does it mean?

  2. Is my lymphoma in an advanced stage, and has it spread to other body parts?

  3. What are the specific symptoms of T-cell lymphoma, and how can I keep track of them?

  4. What are the possible causes or risk factors that could have led to the development of this lymphoma?

  5. What are my treatment options, and what do you think is the best course of action in my case?

  6. How will the treatment plan be customised to meet my specific needs and preferences?

  7. What are the possible side effects of the prescribed treatments, and how may they be dealt with?

  8. What are the anticipated outcomes of the recommended treatment, and how likely is remission or cure?

  9. Are there any alternative or complementary therapies that could be used alongside mainstream treatments?

  10. How will you track my development throughout and after treatment?

  11. What, if any, lifestyle adjustments can I make to help my therapy and overall health?

  12. Will I need to see a different specialist, such as an oncologist or haematologist, for additional examination or treatment?

  13. What are the long-term consequences of T-cell lymphoma, and how may I enhance my quality of life?

  14. Are there any precautions or specific actions I should take during therapy to avoid infections or other complications?

  15. How will my treatment plan impact my daily activities, such as work, exercise, and social life?

  16. What is the treatment timeframe, and when can I expect to see results or improvement?

T Cell Lymphoma Treatment

T-cell Lymphoma treatment is determined by the subtype and stage of the disease. To design a tailored treatment plan, a multidisciplinary strategy is frequently used. The following are the primary medical treatments for T-cell lymphoma:

  1. Chemotherapy: This treatment uses strong medication to kill cancer cells or limit their growth and division. Depending on the kind and stage of T-cell Lymphoma, a different chemotherapy regimen may be utilised.

  2. Radiation Therapy: This is the kind of therapy that employ high-energy beams to target and destroy cancer cells. It is frequently used to treat localised diseases or to reduce symptoms produced by tumour masses in specific regions.

  3. Targeted Therapy: These drugs specifically target specific chemicals or processes in cancer cell growth and survival. They may be utilised in some subtypes of T-cell lymphoma with certain genetic defects.

  4. Immunotherapy: It is a treatment that uses the body's immune system to target and destroy cancer cells. Monoclonal antibodies, immune checkpoint inhibitors, or adoptive T-cell treatment may be used.

  5. High-Dose Chemotherapy with Stem Cell Transplantation: High-dose chemotherapy destroys cancer cells in some circumstances. It is followed by stem cell transplantation to repair bone marrow after high-dose treatment.

Cost of T- Cell Lymphoma Treatment

The cost of T- cell lymphoma treatment in India varies depending on several factors, including the type and stage of cancer, the treatment method used, the patient's age, the hospital's location and type, and the doctor's level of experience.

The table below shows the cost of different lymphoma treatment options:

Treatment Name

Surgery Cost


₹ 75,000 to ₹ 2,50,000

Radiation Therapy

₹ 60,000 to ₹ 2,00,000

Targeted Therapy

₹ 80,000 to ₹ 2,25,000


₹ 80,000 to ₹ 2,25,000

Stem Cell Transplantation

₹ 15,00,000 to ₹ 27,00,000

T Cell Lymphoma Survival Rate

According to SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results), the overall survival rate for all kinds of T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma was 63.1 percent. The survival rates of most common T-cell lymphomas are listed below. It is critical to emphasise that these survival rates are approximations that can vary depending on the individual instance.

  1. Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma:

    1. Early-stage: CTCL has a high five-year survival rate, with roughly 90% of patients living for five years or longer following diagnosis.

    2. Advanced: This is also known as Sézary syndrome. The five-year survival rate ranges from 50% to 70%.

  2. Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma: The five-year survival rate is usually between 30% and 50%.

  3. Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma: AITL has a five-year survival rate of roughly 30% to 50%.

  4. Nasal extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma: This subtype has a varied five-year survival rate, ranging from 30% to 60%.

  5. T-cell Lymphoproliferative Leukemia: T-PLL is a more aggressive variant of T-cell Leukaemia with a poor prognosis. Survival rates are frequently lower.

Risks and Complications of T Cell Lymphoma

T-cell lymphoma can cause a variety of risks and problems, some of which are directly related to the disease. Others may be connected to the treatments used to treat the illness. Some complications associated with T-cell lymphoma are as follows:

  1. Disease Progression: T-cell lymphoma can be aggressive and spread quickly if not detected and treated early. The advanced-stage disease may be more difficult to manage and may result in more serious consequences.

  2. Immunosuppression: It can impair the immune system. This will make patients more vulnerable to infections and decrease the body's ability to fight off other diseases.

  3. Organ Dysfunction: T-cell lymphoma can affect key organs such as the liver, kidneys, and lungs. This can cause organ failure and potentially life-threatening problems.

  4. Tumour Mass Consequences: Enlarged tumour masses can compress surrounding structures. This can result in difficulties like blood artery obstruction or nerve compression.

  5. Treatment Side Effects: Treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, can have a variety of side effects, including:

  1. Fatigue
  2. Nausea
  3. Hair loss
  4. Anaemia
  5. Increased risk of infection

Risks of Delaying Treatments

Delaying T-cell lymphoma treatment might have major effects on a person's health and well-being. It includes:

  1. Disease Progression: T-cell lymphomas can spread quickly if ignored. As the disease progresses, it may become more difficult to control, and treatment options may be limited.

  2. Cancer Spread: These cells can spread to other places of the body.

  3. Worsened Symptoms: As cancer progresses, symptoms such as enlarged lymph nodes, night sweats, and unexplained weight loss may intensify. This may result in a severe reduction in the individual's overall health and quality of life.

  4. Complications: T-cell lymphoma can produce consequences such as infections or organ dysfunction. It can worsen over time if not treated swiftly.

  5. Reduced Treatment Effectiveness: Some T-cell lymphoma treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, are most successful when provided early in the disease's progression.

  6. Reduced Survival Rate: Research has indicated that early detection and treatment of lymphomas, especially T-cell lymphomas, is related to improved long-term survival rates. Delaying therapy may reduce the odds of a favourable prognosis.

When to See a Doctor?

If one experiences any concerning symptoms related to T-cell lymphoma, they should consult with a doctor promptly. Here are some situations in which people should contact a healthcare provider

  1. Unexplained Symptoms
  2. Lymph Node Enlargement
  3. Breathing Problems
  4. Prolonged Fever
  5. Significant Weight Loss

Diet for T Cell Lymphoma

Maintaining a nutritious and balanced diet can help people with T-cell lymphoma manage their overall health and well-being. Here are some general dietary recommendations that may be helpful:

Nutrient-Rich Foods: Include a range of nutrient-dense foods in your diet, such as:

  1. Fruits and vegetables
  2. Complete grains
  3. Lean proteins
  4. Good fats

These foods are high in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, which help the immune system and overall health.

Hydration: Adequate hydration will maintain an appropriate fluid balance in the body. It can help manage side effects and support bodily processes. 

Protein Intake: Protein is essential for tissue repair and maintenance, which is especially critical during cancer therapy. Lean sources of protein include:

  1. Chicken
  2. Fish
  3. Lentils
  4. Tofu
  5. Low-fat dairy products


T-cell lymphoma is a kind of cancer of T-cells in the immune system. It can affect people of different ages. The subtype, stage, and individual characteristics determine the right treatment choices.

If you have any further questions regarding T-cell lymphoma or any other medical problems, you can contact HexaHealth. We help you to choose the right hospital for improved health outcomes. So, don't put it off any longer and schedule your consultation today!

Suggested Reads

Frequently Asked Questions

What is T-cell Lymphoma?

T-cell Lymphoma is a type of cancer that begins in the T-cells of the immune system.They proliferate uncontrollably, resulting in the formation of tumours or abnormal cell masses in the body. 

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What are the symptoms of T-cell Lymphoma?

The most common symptoms of T-cell Lymphoma are:

  1. Enlarged lymph nodes

  2. Unexplained fatigue and weakness

  3. Night sweats

  4. Unexplained fever

  5. Unexplained weight loss

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What causes T-cell Lymphoma?

The exact cause of T-cell Lymphoma is unknown. Although, there are some indirect causes that can lead to this cancer, including:

  1. Genetic abnormalities

  2. Viral Infections

  3. Immunodeficiency

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What are the different types of T-cell Lymphoma?

The different types of T-cell Lymphoma are:

  1. Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma (PTCL)

  2. Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma (CTCL)

  3. Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL)

  4. Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma (AITL)

  5. Extranodal natural killer/T-cell Lymphoma (ENKTL)

  6. Adult T-cell Leukaemia/Lymphoma (ATLL)

  7. Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma

  8. Nasal-type extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma

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What is cutaneous T-cell lymphoma?

Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) is a kind of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that mostly affects the skin. It begins in T-cells, a kind of white blood cell in the immune system, and presents as skin lesions, rashes, and patches.

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What is peripheral T-cell lymphoma?

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a non-Hodgkin lymphoma that develops in mature T-cells (a kind of white blood cell) located outside of the lymph nodes and spleen. PTCL is a varied and aggressive group of lymphomas that can affect many organs and tissues in the body.

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What is angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma?

Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma is an uncommon and aggressive T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It is derived from T-cells, which are immunological cells. AITL is distinguished by histological markers such as a polymorphous lymph node pattern and excessive blood flow.

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What is T-cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma?

T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma is a rare and aggressive non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) that develops from immature T-cells. It is most common in teenagers and young adults, but it can occur at any age.

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What are the symptoms of T-cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma?

Here are the common symptoms typically associated with T-cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma:

  1. Enlarged lymph nodes 

  2. Chest pain or pressure due to a mediastinal mass (mass in the chest)

  3. Coughing or difficulty breathing

  4. Swelling of the face, neck, or upper body 

  5. Fatigue and weakness

  6. Unexplained weight loss

  7. Night sweats

  8. Fever

  9. Skin rash or lumps on the skin

  10. Bone or joint pain

  11. Abdominal pain or swelling

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What is NK T cell Lymphoma?

Natural killer T-cell lymphoma (NK T-cell lymphoma) is an uncommon and aggressive kind of T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It is derived from natural killer (NK) cells.

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Can you provide information on Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma pathology outlines?

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma is a kind of lymphoma that develops from mature T-cells or natural killer (NK) cells. The Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma pathology outlines vary depending on the subtype, as this category has multiple subtypes.

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What is T-cell non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma?

T-cell non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma is a kind of cancer that develops from abnormal immune system T-cells. It is a type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, which is a type of lymphatic system cancer.

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What is CAR T-cell lymphoma?

CAR T-cell lymphoma is a kind of immunotherapy that uses genetically modified T-cells to fight lymphomas, including T-cell lymphomas. CAR T-cell treatment involves altering a patient's T-cells to express a particular receptor targeting cancer cells. 

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Can you provide information on cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma pathology outlines?

Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma (CTCL) is a kind of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that mostly affects the skin. Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma pathology outlines include the evaluation of skin biopsy samples under a microscope to identify aberrant T-cells.

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What is EBV T-cell Lymphoma?

EBV T-cell Lymphoma is a rare and aggressive kind of non-Hodgkin lymphoma caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Lymphoma primarily affects T-cells and is common in those with weaker immune systems. This includes HIV patients or post-transplant patients.

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How is T-cell Lymphoma diagnosed?

Listed below are the ways through which T-cell Lymphoma is diagnosed:

  1. Medical history evaluation and symptom assessment.

  2. Physical examination 

  3. Blood tests 

  4. Imaging studies, such as CT scans or PET scans

  5. Biopsy of an affected lymph node or other affected tissues.

  6. Pathological examination 

  7. Immunophenotyping and genetic testing

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What are the treatment options for T-cell Lymphoma?

Here are the most common treatment options available for T-cell Lymphoma:

  1. Chemotherapy

  2. Radiation therapy

  3. Immunotherapy

  4. Targeted therapy

  5. Stem cell transplant

  6. Clinical trials

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How is T-cell lymphoma diagnosed?

Here are the most common ways through which  T-cell lymphoma is diagnosed:

  1. Medical History Evaluation

  2. Physical Examination

  3. Blood Tests

  4. Imaging Studies

  5. Biopsy

  6. Immunophenotyping

  7. Molecular Testing

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What is the best treatment for T-cell lymphoma?

The best treatment for T-cell lymphoma depends on several factors, including:

  1. The specific subtype of T-cell lymphoma

  2. The stage of the disease

  3. The individual's overall health

The most common treatment options may include: 

  1. Chemotherapy

  2. Radiation therapy

  3. Immunotherapy

  4. Targeted therapy

  5. Stem cell transplant

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How is early-stage T-cell Lymphoma treated?

T-cell Lymphoma in its early stages is often treated with a mix of treatments. Treatment options are determined by the precise subtype of T-cell lymphoma, its stage, and the individual's overall health.

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What is the first treatment for Lymphoma?

The first treatment for lymphoma is often determined by the disease's kind, stage, and individual variables. Chemotherapy is often the first line of treatment for lymphoma.

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What is the recovery rate for T-cell Lymphoma?

With appropriate and timely therapy, some instances of T-cell Lymphoma can attain remission and have a favourable result. However, the overall recovery rate may be reduced due to the aggressive nature of specific subtypes.

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Is T-cell lymphoma curable?

Certain cases of T-cell lymphoma can be effectively treated and result in long-term remission. Although, it is not assured that all patients will be cured. Early detection, appropriate treatment, and regular follow-up contribute to a better outcome

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What is a normal T-cell count?

A normal T-cell count in the blood typically ranges between 500 to 1600 cells per microliter (μL) for adults. Normal ranges may vary slightly based on the laboratory and the individual's age.

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What may happen if T-cell Lymphoma is left untreated?

If T-cell Lymphoma is not treated, the following complications may occur:

  1. Disease Progression

  2. Worsening Symptoms

  3. Reduced Treatment Effectiveness

  4. Decreased Survival Rate

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Can T-cell Lymphoma come back?

T-cell lymphoma can recur (come back) after initial treatment and remission. In some circumstances, recurrence is possible, and continuous follow-up with healthcare specialists is required. It is necessary so that doctors can watch for indicators of recurrence and manage long-term health.

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What are the myths versus facts about T-cell lymphoma?

Myth: T-cell lymphoma is contagious.

Fact: T-cell lymphoma is not infectious. It is a form of cancer that begins in the immune system's T-cells. It cannot be passed from person to person.

Myth: T-cell lymphoma exclusively affects the elderly.

Fact: T-cell lymphoma can strike anyone at any age, including children, teenagers, and adults. While it is more common in older people, it can happen at any age.

Myth: T-cell lymphoma never returns after treatment.

Fact: T-cell lymphoma can be cured with proper treatment. But, there is always the possibility of recurrence.

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All the articles on HexaHealth are supported by verified medically-recognized sources such as; peer-reviewed academic research papers, research institutions, and medical journals. Our medical reviewers also check references of the articles to prioritize accuracy and relevance. Refer to our detailed editorial policy for more information.

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Updated on : 17 August 2023


Dr. Aman Priya Khanna

Dr. Aman Priya Khanna

MBBS, DNB General Surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, FIAGES

12 Years Experience

Dr Aman Priya Khanna is a well-known General Surgeon, Proctologist and Bariatric Surgeon currently associated with HealthFort Clinic, Health First Multispecialty Clinic in Delhi. He has 12 years of experience in General Surgery and worke...View More


Sangeeta Sharma

Sangeeta Sharma

BSc. Biochemistry I MSc. Biochemistry (Oxford College Bangalore)

6 Years Experience

She has extensive experience in content and regulatory writing with reputed organisations like Sun Pharmaceuticals and Innodata. Skilled in SEO and passionate about creating informative and engaging medical conten...View More

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