Kidney Stone Treatment Without Surgery

Written by Hexahealth Care Team, last updated on 15 December 2023
Kidney Stone Treatment Without Surgery

Are you tired of the thought of going under the knife to treat your kidney stones? Well, here's some good news for you – kidney stone treatment without surgery is a viable option that can help you bid farewell to those painful stones. 

Advances in medical science have paved the way for effective non-surgical treatments that can facilitate the passage of kidney stones without the need for invasive procedures. In this article, we will explore the world of kidney stone removal without surgery and discover innovative methods that can help you overcome this common urological condition.

What are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones are hard deposits of salts and minerals within the kidneys. These are also known as nephrolithiasis, renal calculi, or urolithiasis. 

Kidney stones can range in size. They can be small as sand grains to larger stones similar to the size of a golf ball that can cause significant pain and discomfort. 

These stones can develop in anyone. However, there are certain factors, such as genetics, age, lifestyle factors, diet, etc., that can put an individual at a higher risk of developing kidney stones.

Depending on the size and location of the stone, the symptoms of kidney stones can vary. 

  1. Small stones can travel through the urinary tract without causing much pain and may not show any signs at all. 
  2. Larger stones, on the other hand, may result in more severe back or lower abdominal pain, blood in the urine, frequent urination, a constant need to urinate, and a burning feeling when urinating.

Formation of Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are formed in the kidneys when the amount of certain substances, such as calcium, uric acid, or oxalate, becomes extremely concentrated in the urine, and the urine lacks the fluids required for their dilution. 

The urine may also not contain enough substances needed to prevent the crystals from clumping together. These crystals, when clumped together, lead to the formation of kidney stones. 

Some common types of kidney stones include calcium stones, uric acid stones, struvite stones, and cystine stones, each formed by different substances.

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Need for Kidney Stone Treatment

Kidney stone treatment is necessary to alleviate symptoms, prevent complications, and promote overall urinary health. Here are some key reasons why kidney stone treatment is essential:

  1. Pain Relief: Treatment helps to manage and relieve excruciating pain (caused by the blockage of the urinary tract due to the stones), improving the quality of life for individuals experiencing kidney stones.
  2. Prevention of Complications: Timely treatment aims to prevent these complications, such as urinary tract infections (UTIs), kidney damage, blockage of the urinary tract, and recurrent stone formation. Treatment for kidney stones also minimizes the risk of further health issues.
  3. Urinary Function Restoration: Treatment of kidney stones helps to remove or break down the stones, restoring normal urine flow and proper functioning of the urinary system.
  4. Prevention of Recurrence: Through treatment and lifestyle modifications, healthcare providers can help individuals understand the causes of their kidney stones and provide guidance on preventive measures to reduce the risk of future stone formation.
  5. Preservation of Kidney Health: Kidney stone treatment aims to protect the health and function of the kidneys, which are vital organs responsible for filtering waste products from the blood and maintaining overall body fluid balance.
  6. Improvement in Quality of Life: Kidney stones can be painful, uncomfortable, and sometimes dangerous, which can affect everyday life, employment, and general health. People can enhance their quality of life and find symptom relief by getting treatment.

If you believe you have kidney stones or if you have a history of kidney stones, it's crucial to speak with a healthcare professional. They will assess your health, make a precise diagnosis, and make a recommendation for the best course of action based on your individual requirements.

Benefits of Kidney Stone Treatment without Surgery

Treatment for kidney stones without surgery, sometimes referred to as non-surgical or conservative management, has a number of advantages for those who have kidney stones. The following are some benefits of non-surgical kidney stone treatment:

  1. Non-Invasive Approach: One of the key benefits of non-surgical kidney stone treatment is that it is a non-invasive approach. It avoids the need for surgical procedures such as ureteroscopy, shock wave lithotripsy, or percutaneous nephrolithotomy.
  2. Reduced Risk of Complications: Non-surgical treatment methods carry a lower risk of complications compared to surgical interventions. Surgical procedures may involve potential risks such as infections, bleeding, or damage to surrounding structures.
  3. Preservation of Kidney Function: Timely and effective non-surgical treatment can help preserve kidney function and can, prevent further harm to the kidneys and maintain optimal kidney function.
  4. Personalized Approach: personalized approach enhances the effectiveness of the treatment and improves the chances of successful stone passage. Healthcare professionals can tailor the treatment plan based on the specific characteristics of the stone, the size, location, and composition, as well as considering individual factors such as overall health, medical history, and lifestyle preferences.
  5. Cost-Effective Option: Non-surgical treatments are generally more cost-effective compared to surgical interventions. They typically involve lifestyle modifications, dietary changes, and medication, which can be more affordable for individuals. 

Kidney Stone Removal without Surgery

Kidney stone treatment without surgery may usually be done for smaller stones. Sometimes, these stones may not require treatment as they may naturally pass through the urinary tract. 

However, kidney stone removal without surgery may be used to break these stones into smaller pieces, facilitating their easy passage. Some of the non-surgical ways to treat kidney stones are as follows.

  1. Natural Remedies
  2. Ayurvedic Remedies
  3. Allopathic Remedies
  4. Lifestyle Changes and Dietary Recommendations

Natural Remedies for Kidney Stone Treatment

Natural remedies have been known to complement conventional treatment methods or aid in the prevention of kidney stones. However, one must undertake these natural remedies under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

Some of these natural remedies that can help in kidney stone treatment in India may include the following: 

  1. Hydration: Kidney stone prevention and treatment depend on drinking enough water. Water consumption in large quantities facilitates kidney stone removal by dilution of urine. If your doctor advises it, try to consume at least 8 to 10 glasses of water per day. (24)
  2. Lemon Juice: You can drink lemon juice if you have kidney stones. Lemons have citrate, a compound that inhibits the formation of calcium stones. Additionally, citrate can effectively disintegrate small stones, facilitating their smoother passage.
  3. Pomegranate Juice: Pomegranate juice is rich in antioxidants, which promote kidney health and potentially play a role in preventing the formation of kidney stones. Moreover, pomegranate juice is known to lower the acidity level of urine. Reducing urine acidity decreases the risk of future kidney stone formation.
  4. Apple Cider Vinegar: Apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid, which can aid in the dissolution of kidney stones. However, there is limited scientific evidence to support these claims, and excessive consumption of apple cider vinegar may have adverse effects. Consult with a healthcare professional before using apple cider vinegar as a remedy.
  5. Basil Juice: Basil is rich in nutrients and traditionally utilised for digestive and inflammatory ailments. Basil juice contains antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties, which may contribute to kidney health maintenance. 
  6. Herbal Teas: Certain herbal teas, such as nettle leaf tea, dandelion root tea, and green tea, are believed to have diuretic properties and may help increase urine flow. However, it's important to consult with a healthcare professional before using herbal remedies, as they may interact with medications or have contraindications.

Ayurvedic Remedies for Kidney Stone Treatment

Ayurveda, the traditional Indian system of medicine, offers several natural remedies and therapies for kidney stone treatment. 

Here are some commonly suggested Ayurvedic approaches for kidney stone treatment:

  1. Punarnava (Tar Vine): Punarnava, scientifically known as Boerhavia diffusa, is a flowering plant which has exceptional diuretic characteristics that help to drain out kidney stones and reduce excess water retention and swelling in the body. 
  2. Shigru (Moringa/Drumstick): The Moringa oleifera plant is one of the essential plants as its root, stem, or leaves can be used as a cure-all for a variety of health problems, including kidney stones. 
    1. It contains several antioxidants, including flavonoids, quercetin, myricetin, carotenoids, and glycosides, moringa helps the body detoxify and eliminate harmful free radicals.
  3. Shunti (Ginger): Ginger, also known as Shunti in Sanskrit, is rich in gingerol - an anti-inflammatory agent that helps in eliminating rigid kidney stone deposits.
  4. Sukshma Ela (Cardamom): An abundance of plant-based antioxidant and antibacterial chemicals can be found in the aromatic spice cardamom. 
    1. In addition to acting as a powerful diuretic, they do wonders for treating urinary tract infections, which frequently result in kidney stone development. 
    2. They also help flush the body of excess fluids, calcium salts, and uric acid residues.
  5. Kulattha (Horse Gram): This tiny legume is incredibly rich in antioxidants called isoflavones, which act as natural diuretics to flush out renal calculi. It also contains copious amounts of carbs, fibre, proteins, and B vitamins that improve digestion and metabolism and prevent kidney problems.
Note: It's important to note that Ayurvedic treatments should be used under the guidance of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner.

Allopathic Remedies for Kidney Stone

Kidney stones can be treated and prevented with the use of non-surgical allopathic remedies. Healthcare providers may recommend various drugs and non-surgical modalities to assist in managing kidney stones depending on the form and source of the stone as well as the patient's general health.

 Here are a few non-surgical allopathic remedies for kidney stones:

  1. Alpha Blockers: A class of drugs known as "alpha blockers" works to relax the ureter's muscles, which makes kidney stones easier to pass through. They facilitate the passage of the stone by lowering spasms and expanding the ureter.
  2. Diuretics: Diuretics can be used to encourage the flushing of tiny kidney stones because they stimulate urine production. These drugs lessen the chance of stone formation or aggregation and assist in preventing urinary stagnation.
  3. Pain Medications: Kidney stone pain can be extremely painful and frequently has to be managed. Painkillers on prescription or over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen may be provided to ease discomfort during the stone passage.
  4. Laser Lithotripsy: The laser lithotripsy approach of kidney stone treatment without surgery is usually used when the other non-surgical treatment approaches for kidney stone removal fail. 
    1. In laser lithotripsy, shock waves or laser breaks down the stones found in the kidney or ureter into smaller pieces to easily pass them via the ureter.
  5. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL): It is a medical technique in which shock waves are produced using a lithotripter device to break down the stones in the urinary duct.
    1. The goal of this procedure is to reduce the size of the stones so that they can be more readily expelled from the body or removed.

Lifestyle Changes and Dietary Recommendations

Along with medical therapies, lifestyle adjustments are essential. You can promote the body's natural stone removal process and avoid the creation of new stones by making some adjustments to your everyday routine. Here are some lifestyle modifications that could help with kidney stone management:

  1. Regular Exercise: Undertaking regular physical activity like walking, cycling, etc., can help maintain overall health.
  2. Maintain a Healthy Weight: Kidney stones are more likely to form in people who are overweight and obese. Maintain a healthy weight by engaging in regular exercise and eating a balanced diet. For recommendations that are specific to you, speak with a healthcare practitioner.
  3. Avoid Triggers: Some chemicals have the ability to stop kidney stones from passing through the kidneys. Limit your intake of alcohol, coffee, and sweet drinks, or avoid them altogether. Furthermore, giving up smoking is a good idea because it can damage your urinary system.

Dietary Recommendations

Kidney stone treatment and prevention are greatly aided by diet. Certain dietary modifications can lower the risk of kidney stone development and enhance overall renal health. If you have a history of kidney stones, the following foods are ones to think about including in your diet and others to stay away from:

Foods to Eat

  1. Water: Preventing kidney stones requires maintaining hydration. To promote optimal urine dilution and flow, try to consume enough water throughout the day.
  2. Citrus Fruits: Citrate, a substance that can aid in the prevention of some kidney stone types, is abundant in citrus fruits, including oranges, lemons, and grapefruits. To increase your consumption of citrate, consume fresh citrus fruits or their juice.
  3. Leafy Greens Vegetables: The dietary calcium found in leafy greens like spinach, kale and Swiss chard is good for binding oxalate in the intestines and preventing its absorption, which lowers the incidence of calcium oxalate stones.
  4. Low-Fat Dairy Products: Calcium and other necessary elements can be found in low-fat dairy products such as milk, yoghurt, and cheese. When included in a healthy diet, they can aid in preventing the development of calcium oxalate stones.
  5. Whole Grains: Include whole grains in your meals, like whole wheat bread, quinoa, and brown rice. Without adding large levels of oxalate, these meals offer fibre and nutrients.

Foods to Avoid

  1. Oxalate-Rich Foods: Oxalate-rich foods should be consumed in moderation since they may aid in the development of calcium oxalate stones. Some of these food items include Spinach, rhubarb, beets, almonds, chocolate, and tea.
  2. Limit Salt Intake: Avoid processed foods, fast food, and excessive salt to lower your sodium intake. Increased calcium output in the urine and the risk for stone formation are both caused by high salt levels.
  3. Animal Protein: Red meat, organ meats and seafood should be consumed in moderation since they may raise your chance of acquiring some kidney stones. Choose lean protein sources, including poultry, fish, and substitutes made from plants.
  4. Carbonated Beverages: Reduce your intake of carbonated drinks, such as soda and sparkling water, as they may raise your chance of developing kidney stones.
  5. Added Sugar: Reduce your intake of foods and beverages that have added sugars since too much sugar can cause weight gain, obesity, and a higher risk of kidney stones.

When to Consult a Doctor?

While non-surgical treatment methods can be effective for managing kidney stones, it's important to be aware of certain situations that warrant consulting a doctor. Here are some indications to seek medical attention after undergoing non-surgical treatment for kidney stones:

  1. Symptoms persist for a longer period.
  2. Inability to pass the stone
  3. Development of further complications such as a urinary tract infection, urinary obstruction, or hydronephrosis (swelling of the kidney).
  4. Recurrent kidney stone formation.


Kidney stones are a very common problem affecting many people. While there are treatment options for kidney stone removal without surgery, not every patient may be an ideal candidate. For example, kidney stone treatment without surgery may not be suitable for pregnant women, people with obesity, high blood pressure, etc.

At HexaHealth, our team of highly skilled professionals is dedicated to providing exceptional services to our patients. One of our specialities also includes providing kidney stone removal without surgery. At HexaHealth, we use the most advanced techniques to provide the best care at affordable costs, as we aim to prioritise patient care and satisfaction.

Suggested Reads,

What are the First Signs of Kidney Stones How to Pass Kidney Stones Fast
Foods that cause Kidney Stones Difference Between Kidney Stone and Gallstone

Frequently Asked Questions

What are kidney stones, and how do they form?

Kidney stones are hard and tough deposits of salt and minerals that form within the kidneys. These kidney stones are also called nephrolithiasis, renal calculi, or urolithiasis. Some stones may be small and can later grow bigger.

When certain chemicals, such as calcium, uric acid, or oxalate, become very concentrated in the urine and the urine lacks the fluids necessary for their dilution, kidney stones can form.

What are the common symptoms of kidney stones?

The common symptoms of kidney stones may include the following, 

  1. Sharp, stabbing, and cramping pain on the side and the back, right below the ribs 
  2. Painful urination or burning during urination
  3. Intense pain radiating to the lower abdomen and groin 
  4. Severe need to pee
  5. Nausea and vomiting 
  6. Frequent urination

Is there a definite kidney stone treatment without surgery?

Yes, kidney stone treatment without surgery can be done using the following treatment techniques,

  1. Hydration 
  2. Pain management
  3. Medication Therapy
  4. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)
  5. Laser Lithotripsy
  6. Ureteroscopy

When is kidney stone removal without surgery recommended?

In certain cases, such as when the stone is too big to pass by itself or causes excruciating pain that is unmanageable with medicine, kidney stone removal without surgery may be advised.
Additionally, individuals who cannot have surgery owing to specific medical issues or other risks may also be advised to use this non-surgical method.

Does stone size affect the decision to do kidney stone treatment without surgery?

Yes, the stone size may affect the decision to treat kidney stones without surgery. Kidney stones smaller than 0.5 centimetres may spontaneously move out in a few weeks. In certain situations, doctors advise waiting, but if the stones hurt, they might also give painkillers.

Surgery may be required to break up or remove bigger stones causing serious issues.

What are the non-surgical treatment options for kidney stones in India?

The various non-surgical treatment options for kidney stones in India include the following, 

  1. Hydration 
  2. Pain management
  3. Medication Therapy
  4. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)
  5. Laser Lithotripsy
  6. Ureteroscopy

How to cure kidney stones without an operation?

Your doctor may recommend undergoing non-surgical treatments to cure kidney stones without an operation. These treatment approaches are used only after a thorough examination of the patient. The treatment options that may be used to cure kidney stones without an operation are Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) and Laser Lithotripsy.

How effective are non-surgical treatments for kidney stones?

Non-surgical treatments for kidney stones are very effective in treating kidney stones. In a patient treated with Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), 70 to 90 patients experience freedom from kidney stones. In contrast, laser lithotripsy is found to have better success rates when compared to ESWL and can also effectively help patients having multiple stones.

What are the benefits of non-surgical kidney stone treatments?

The various benefits of non-surgical kidney stone treatments may include the following:

  1. Lower risk of complications 
  2. Non-surgical kidney stone treatment is an outpatient treatment option that does not require hospital admission
  3. Recovery time is shorter after non-surgical kidney stone treatment
  4. These methods are non-invasive and well-tolerated, making them a suitable approach for kidney stone removal

How much does non-surgical kidney stone treatment cost in India?

The cost of kidney stone treatment without surgery in India may vary from city to city and hospital to hospital. However, the approximate cost for kidney stone treatment without surgery may be, 

  1. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)- INR 40,000
  2. Laser Lithotripsy- INR 75,000
  3. Ureteroscopy- INR 65,000

Are there any risks associated with non-surgical kidney stone treatment?

Just like any other treatment, certain risks and complications are associated with kidney stone removal techniques without surgery. These risks and complications include the following,

  1. Pain or trouble urinating 
  2. Infections 
  3. Blood in urine

What lifestyle changes can help prevent the formation of kidney stones?

Certain lifestyle changes that can help prevent the formation of kidney stones include the following:

  1. Drinking plenty of water and fluids to stay hydrated 
  2. Avoiding excessive salt consumption 
  3. Consuming foods rich in calcium 
  4. Avoiding eating excessive oxalate-rich foods 
  5. Eating less animal-based protein

How can one find the best non-surgical kidney stone treatment options in India?

To find the best non-surgical kidney stone treatment options in India, it is best advised to consult your doctor. Your doctor will suggest the non-surgical kidney stone treatment option after examining you.

The factors that may be considered before finding the best non-surgical kidney stone treatment option may include the size and location of the stone, associated risks and complications, overall health of the patient.

How to remove stone without operation?

To remove the stone without operation, the doctor may prescribe the patient to undergo extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. In this treatment approach, high-energy shock waves are passed through the body, which helps break up the stones into smaller pieces, thereby eliminating the need for operation. 

How to cure kidney stone without operation?

To cure kidney stones without operation, the patient will be treated through extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, where high-energy shock waves will be used to break the stones into smaller fragments.


All the articles on HexaHealth are supported by verified medically-recognized sources such as; peer-reviewed academic research papers, research institutions, and medical journals. Our medical reviewers also check references of the articles to prioritize accuracy and relevance. Refer to our detailed editorial policy for more information.

  1. Mayo Clinic. Kidney stones - Symptoms and causes [Internet]. Mayo Clinic.
  2. Urology Care Foundation. What are Kidney Stones? - Urology Care Foundation [Internet].
  3. Mayo Clinic. Kidney stones - Symptoms and causes [Internet]. Mayo Clinic.
  4. Treatment options for kidney stones [Internet]. Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG);
  5. Holmium Laser Lithotripsy: Procedure, Risks & Benefits [Internet]. Cleveland Clinic. link
  6. McDermott A. 9 Ways to Prevent Kidney Stones [Internet]. Healthline. Healthline Media; 2017. link
  7. McDermott A. 9 Ways to Prevent Kidney Stones [Internet]. Healthline. Healthline Media; 2017. link

Updated on : 15 December 2023


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HexaHealth Care Team

HexaHealth Care Team brings you medical content covering many important conditions, procedures falling under different medical specialities. The content published is thoroughly reviewed by our panel of qualified doctors for its accuracy and relevance.

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