Varicocele Embolization - Procedure, Benefits, Side Effects

Varicocele Embolization

Treatment Duration


45 Minutes

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60 Minutes

Treatment Cost



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Varicocele Embolization

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A study by Ramachandran et al., 2021 showed that varicocele, one of the most common causes of male infertility, affects 10% to 20% of the general population. Varicocele embolisation offers a minimally invasive treatment option to manage this discomforting condition. 

If you are looking for an effective varicocele treatment without undergoing traditional surgery, you are at the right place. The following blog discusses the varicocele embolisation cost, procedure, benefits, and recovery. Continue reading to find out. 

Procedure Name 

Varicocele Embolisation 

Conditions Treated 


Benefits of Procedure 

No surgical incisions, quick recovery, high success rate 

Treated By 

Interventional radiologist 

You can check Varicocele Embolization Cost here.

What is varicocele embolisation?

Varicocele embolisation is a medical procedure that redirects blood away from a varicocele (enlarged vein in the scrotum). The condition can lead to pain, infertility, and swelling. The procedure helps alleviate these symptoms by diverting the blood supply to other locations.

Need of Varicocele Embolisation Treatment

Varicocele embolisation is primarily used to treat varicocele. It occurs when blood accumulates in the veins instead of flowing out of the scrotum. This condition can lead to several issues that the procedure aims to alleviate, including:

  1. Pain and Discomfort: Reducing the dull or aching pain, especially after staying upright for long periods.

  2. Infertility: Improving sperm count and quality can enhance fertility in men who have been diagnosed with varicocele-related infertility.

  3. Testicular Atrophy: Varicocele can lead to shrinkage of testicles. By improving blood flow, the treatment can return the testicle to its normal size.

Benefits of Varicocele Embolisation

Varicocele embolisation is an effective treatment for those suffering from varicocele. It offers various benefits, including: 

  1. Minimally Invasive: Embolisation involves only a small puncture site, which reduces pain and scarring.

  2. Anaesthesia Selection: Performed under local anaesthesia, the risks and recovery time associated with general anaesthesia are reduced.

  3. Quick Recovery: Patients experience a faster recovery time, often returning to normal activities within 24 hours post-procedure.

  4. Outpatient Procedure: Individuals can generally return home on the same day. This means that there is no need for an extended hospital stay.

  5. High Success Rate: Varicocele embolisation success rate is 90%, achieved with more invasive surgical options.

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Before and On the Day of Varicocele Embolisation

Patients are provided with detailed instructions to prepare for the varicocele embolisation. They should follow these instructions before and on the day of treatment to ensure a successful procedure and smooth recovery.  

Before Varicocele Embolisation 

Patients should have someone to drive them to and from the hospital. Some other preparations and instructions before the procedure include: 



Pre-op Assessments 

  1. Blood tests 

  2. Ultrasound of the scrotum 

Risk Evaluation 

  1. Allergies 

  2. Surgery benefits vs risks 

Medication Adjustment 

Stop blood-thinning medications 

Anaesthesia Selection 



4 hours before the surgery 

On the Day of Varicocele Embolisation 

Patients arrive at the hospital on the day of the procedure, where they undergo final assessments. This ensures that they are ready for the surgery. Here’s what they can expect: 





Surgical Preparation

Changing into a hospital gown 

Physical Evaluation 

Checking vitals (blood pressure, heart rate, etc.)

IV Line 


Patient Position

Supine (lying on the back with face up)

Varicocele Embolisation Procedure

Varicocele embolisation is performed by an interventional radiologist. The complete procedure takes about one hour to complete and usually involves the following steps: 

  1. The patient is given local anaesthesia in the neck or the groyne. The surgical area is cleaned and draped. 

  2. A small incision or puncture is made at the surgical site to access the venous system.

  3. A flexible, thin tube is inserted through the incision into the vein. It is carefully guided to the varicocele using real-time X-ray imaging. 

  4. The doctor may inject a contrast dye in the vein to locate the problem. 

  5. Small coils or a special liquid are released in the affected vein. These materials block blood flow to the varicocele to reduce pressure in the varicocele.

  6. After the embolic materials are placed, the catheter is removed. The small incision or puncture site is then covered with a bandage. No stitches are generally required.

After Varicocele Embolisation and Recovery

Patients may need to rest for the remaining day after the varicocele embolisation procedure. Generally, individuals can return to their normal activities within 24 hours. However, certain guidelines must be followed for an effective recovery process. 

Recovery in Hospital

Most patients can go home the same day. Before discharge, they can expect the following in the hospital: 

  1. The patient will be moved to the recovery room, where the nurse will monitor their vitals. 

  2. They will be closely observed for an hour to ensure no immediate complications. 

  3. Once their condition stabilises, they can go home. 

At-Home Recovery 

If patients were given medicine to relax, they should not make important decisions for the next 24 hours. Once they reach home, it is important to follow these instructions: 

  1. Take medications as recommended by the doctor to manage any discomfort or mild pain. 

  2. Avoid strenuous activities and heavy lifting for at least 7-10 days. 

  3. Keep an eye on the catheter insertion site for signs of infection. 

First Follow-Up Appointment

A follow-up consultation is scheduled two weeks after the procedure. During the visit, the doctor ensures the varicocele is successfully treated and addresses any concerns. If infertility was a concern, the doctor may also evaluate the patient’s semen. 

Risks and Complications of Varicocele Embolisation

The procedure is generally safe and effective. However, like any other medical technique, there are some risks. Varicocele embolisation side effects may include: 

  1. Excessive bleeding and infection 

  2. Allergic reaction 

  3. Migration of the coil from the targeted area 

  4. Lower back pain 

  5. Inflammation of the scrotum or veins 

  6. Recurrence of varicocele 

When to call a doctor?

Prompt communication with a doctor ensures any potential complications are addressed early. Patients should get medical advice if they experience any of the following: 

  1. Fever of 100.4℉ or higher 

  2. Increased redness, swelling, or bleeding at the insertion site 

  3. Pain that worsens or does not improve with prescribed medications 

Risks of Delaying Varicocele Embolisation

Varicoceles can disrupt the bodily ability to maintain the appropriate temperature for testicles. This leads to oxidative stress and toxin accumulation. Delaying treatment for these conditions can cause various complications, including:

  1. Worsening Symptoms: Delay can cause increased pain, discomfort, and swelling, impacting daily life and well-being.

  2. Fertility Issues: It can further impair sperm production and function, potentially leading to decreased fertility or infertility.

  3. Testicular Damage: The ongoing presence of a varicocele may lead to testicular atrophy. Reduced blood flow affects the size and function of the testicles.

Cost of Varicocele Embolisation 

Various factors influence the varicocele embolisation cost in India. It usually starts at ₹ 35,000 and can go up to ₹ 75,000. The average cost of the procedure is ₹ 50,000. 

Procedure Name 

Estimated Cost Range 

Varicocele Embolisation 

₹ 35,000 - ₹ 75,000

Note: These figures are approximate. Patients should consult HexaHealth experts for accurate cost details. 

Factors that affect the varicocele embolisation price include: 

  1. Healthcare Facility: Expenses may differ between hospitals and specialised clinics. Private facilities are costlier than public ones.

  2. Surgeon’s Expertise: Specialists with a high success rate in performing varicocele embolisations may charge higher fees.

  3. Location: Prices can vary significantly between different cities and areas, reflecting the local cost of living and healthcare pricing. 

  4. Post-Procedure Care: Follow-up appointments and medication can also contribute to the final bill. 

  5. Insurance Coverage: The extent to which insurance plans cover varicocele embolisation can significantly impact out-of-pocket expenses for patients.


Varicocele embolisation offers a minimally invasive, effective solution for those suffering from varicoceles. It improves symptoms such as pain and swelling. The quick recovery time and low risk of complications make it an attractive option for many.

If you are wondering, “Where can I find varicocele embolisation near me?” HexaHealth is your go-to choice. We connect you to leading specialists and facilities, allowing access to high-quality treatment options. Our team ensures that you receive the care you need, tailored to your specific circumstances.

Suggested Reads

Testicular Tumor
Cyst on Scrotum Varicose Veins

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

A varicocele is a swelling of the veins within the scrotum, similar to varicose veins in the legs. It can cause swelling and pain. In some cases, it may affect fertility by impacting sperm production and quality.


The best treatment for varicocele depends on symptoms, fertility considerations, and patient preference. Options include varicocele surgery and embolisation, which are both equally effective. However, surgery might be a better choice if both the testicles are affected.


Varicocele embolisation is a minimally invasive procedure for treating varicoceles. A catheter is inserted into a vein, and coils block blood flow to the enlarged veins. This effectively relieves symptoms and reduces the varicocele.


Yes, embolisation is effective for treating varicoceles. It reduces symptoms like pain and swelling and improves sperm quality for men experiencing infertility related to varicoceles.


Varicocele embolisation is performed under local anaesthesia. A radiologist inserts a catheter through a vein in the groyne or neck, using imaging to guide it to the affected veins. Small coils are then introduced to block blood flow to the faulty veins.


Varicocele embolisation is a minimally invasive technique that offers various benefits to treat enlarged veins in the scrotum. These advantages include: 

  1. No surgical incisions 

  2. Reduced recovery times 

  3. Alleviation of pain and discomfort 

  4. Outpatient procedure 

  5. High success rate


The procedure is generally considered safe, and risks are rare. However, some potential varicocele embolisation side effects may include the following: 

  1. Bleeding 

  2. Infection 

  3. Allergic reaction to contrast dye 

  4. Migration of coils 

  5. Recurrence of varicocele


The varicocele embolisation procedure typically takes about an hour to complete. The exact duration differs based on the complexity of the varicocele and the technique used by the radiologist.


Recovery time is relatively short. Most individuals can resume daily activities within 24 hours after the procedure. However, strenuous activities should be avoided for 7-10 days or as advised by the doctor.


During recovery, you can expect mild discomfort at the catheter site. This can be managed with pain medication. It is important to follow your doctor’s instructions on care and activity levels, which include: 

  1. Avoiding driving for the first 24 hours 

  2. Refraining from heavy lifting for 7-10 days 

  3. Monitoring for signs of complications


Normal activities can generally be resumed the day after the procedure. However, as advised by the doctor, strenuous physical activities should be avoided for 1-2 weeks.


Some pain or discomfort at the catheter insertion site is normal after varicocele embolisation. However, it is usually mild and can be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers.


Varicocele embolisation success rate is about 90%. The procedure significantly reduces symptoms such as pain and swelling and has been shown to improve fertility outcomes in men.


The varicocele embolisation cost varies widely depending on geographic location, facility, and the surgeon’s experience. It can range between ₹ 35,000 and ₹ 75,000. However, this price is an estimate. For actual expenses, consult HexaHealth.


Yes, an alternative treatment for varicocele includes surgical ligation, where the affected veins are tied off to redirect blood flow. However, embolisation is often preferred for its minimally invasive nature.


To reduce varicocele without traditional surgery, embolisation offers a minimally invasive alternative. This procedure involves blocking the affected veins with a coil. It redirects blood flow and effectively diminishes the varicocele with less downtime and discomfort.


A urologist diagnoses varicocele and performs surgical ligation. However, varicocele embolisation is typically performed by an interventional radiologist who specialises in minimally invasive, image-guided procedures.


Although varicocele embolisation has a high success rate, there is a small chance that varicoceles can recur. If this happens, patients may need a repeat procedure or surgery.



All the articles on HexaHealth are supported by verified medically-recognized sources such as; peer-reviewed academic research papers, research institutions, and medical journals. Our medical reviewers also check references of the articles to prioritize accuracy and relevance. Refer to our detailed editorial policy for more information.

  1. Varicocele Embolization [Internet].
  3. Baigorri B, Dixon R. Varicocele: A Review. Seminars in Interventional Radiology. 2016 Aug 30;33(03):170–
  4. Varicocele embolisation | North Bristol NHS Trust [Internet]. [cited 2024 Apr 13].link
  5. Having Varicocele Embolization | Saint Luke’s Health System [Internet]. [cited 2024 Apr 13].link
  6. Varicocele Embolisation [Internet]. Vein Doctors Sydney. [cited 2024 Apr 13].link
  7. Varicocele embolisation for enlarged veins in the testicles - Overview [Internet]. Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust. [cited 2024 Apr 13].link
  8. Nonsurgical Treatment for Male Infertility Caused by Varicoceles [Internet]. UCSF Radiology.


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