Hip Pain

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Medically Reviewed by Dr. Aman Priya Khanna
Written by Hexahealth Care Team, last updated on 10 October 2023| min read
Hip Pain

Quick Summary

  • Hip pain is a feeling of discomfort in the hip joint.
  • It is caused due to several reasons like inflammation, degeneration and injury to the muscles, joints, bones and tendons present in the hip area.
  • Hip pain can also be felt in the groyne and thigh area.

Hip pain is a feeling of discomfort in the hip joint. It is caused due to several reasons like inflammation, degeneration and injury to the muscles, joints, bones and tendons present in the hip area. Hip pain can also be felt in the groyne and thigh area. 

 

What are the Symptoms of Hip Pain?

It varies depending upon the conditions that cause hip pain.

  1. Feeling of discomfort in thigh, groyne, inside, outside the hip joint and buttocks.
  2. Sometimes the pain radiates to the hip from the back to the groyne.
  3. Decreased motion of the hip. 

What are the Causes of Hip Pain?

Causes of hip pain include:

  1. Inflamed tendons
  2. Osteonecrosis- The blood flow to the head of the thigh bone is disturbed, resulting in osteonecrosis of the hip.
  3. Bruises, strain and sprain, a hip labrum tear
  4. Bone cancer, infected hip joint
  5. Sacroiliac joint problem
  6. Hip pain can also be caused by conditions that cause pain to radiate from the spine and back, such as sciatica and herniated discs.
  7. Bursitis - Bursitis is a painful disorder affecting the bursae, which are tiny, fluid-filled sacs that cushion the bones, tendons, and muscles around your joints. Bursitis is caused by inflamed bursae. Bursitis is most commonly found in the shoulder, elbow, and hip.
  8. Rheumatoid Arthritis- The inflammation of synovium causes hip pain in people with Rheumatoid Arthritis.
  9. Snapping Hip Syndrome-When you walk, stand up from a chair, or swing your leg around, you may experience a cracking sensation or hear a popping sound in your hip. When a muscle or tendon passes over a bony protrusion in your hip, it causes a snapping sensation.
  10. Osteoarthritis- If the cartilage in the hip joint slowly gets damaged over time, then osteoarthritis occurs. Mostly it's due to age or hip injury. The pain may be dull or sharp.
  11. Hip fracture-  An injury to the upper part of the thigh bone due to a fall causes pain experienced in the upper thigh or groyne area. Stress fractures of the hip develop due to repeated physical pressure, which is most common in female athletes; it includes health conditions like the irregular menstrual cycle, weakening of bone and menstrual irregularities.
  12. Infected hip joint-  Hip joint may get infected due to bacteria, virus or fungus, and it is known as septic arthritis. Symptoms include inflammation, fever, severe pain in the anterior hip or groyne area, and limited hip motion.
  13. Bone cancer- If bone cancer has spread to the hip region of the body, it can cause bone pain. As the tumour grows in size, it can cause swelling around the hip region leading to weight loss and fatigue. Due to the weakening of bone, hip fracture occurs frequently.

What are the Risk Factors of Hip Pain? 

  1. The hip joint is abnormal 
  2. Poor bone alignment between the ball and socket of the hip can be acquired or developed in some people
  3. Damage to joint due to injury
  4. High-impact activity
  5. Genetics
  6. Age
  7. Obesity

Prevention and Disease Reduction 

Lifestyle modifications-

  1. Avoid strenuous activities like climbing stairs to
  2. avoid making hip pain worse.
  3. Use a cane or aid to increase mobility.
  4. Follow the R.I.C.E. protocol, which includes rest, ice, compression and elevation.
  5. Apply cold and heat compressions.
  6. Having a healthy diet, losing weight, and sufficient vitamin d and calcium intake. Stretching exercises and yoga are also helpful.
  7. Getting enough calcium and vitamin D.

When to See a Doctor?

  1. Joint appears deformed
  2. Trouble moving leg or hip
  3. The injured limb is unable to bear weight 
  4. Intense discomfort
  5. Sudden inflammation
  6. Symptoms of infection like fever, chills, and redness.

What May Happen if Hip Pain is Not Treated in Time?

  1. If not treated in a time long term problems may arise like damage to the hip joint.
  2. Weakness and pain can be experienced due to unstable joints.
  3. If osteoarthritis is left untreated it may result in damage to the cartilage.

Disease progression

  1. In the beginning, the wear and tear of bone are very less with no pain.
  2. Later cartilage starts to break down and bony projections are found on the X-Ray.
  3. Sometimes the gap is narrowed between the hip bones.
  4. Chronic inflammation is seen in severe cases.

How is Hip Pain Diagnosed? 

It includes physical examinations, laboratory investigation, imaging tests and medical history.

Physical examination- Includes examining the site of pain in the region of the hip, legs, back and abdomen. Neurological examination is also performed to understand muscle weakness and reflexes. They also examine the way of walking, range of motion and posture.

Medical history- Any familial history of arthritis or joint problems is considered. History of trauma to the hip and any other comorbidities are also responsible for hip pain.

FABER TEST- It means flexion, abduction, and external rotation, which helps diagnose hip problems like hip osteoarthritis or hip labrum tear.

Imaging- It includes X-ray, M.R.I., ultrasound and magnetic resonance arthrography tests to identify hip fractures, osteonecrosis and bursitis.

Blood test- If infected joint pain is suspected, the doctor will order tests to know the white blood cell count, blood cultures, and inflammatory markers.

Hip aspiration- In this synovial fluid is removed from the hip joint using a needle to diagnose septic arthritis.

How can Hip Pain be Treated?

It includes lifestyle modifications, medications, surgery and physical therapy.

  1. Medications: Use medications like acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and opioids to reduce pain. Depending upon the disease conditions responsible for pain, drugs like antibiotics and disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs are used.
  2. Physical therapy: It may help increase strength, flexibility, and motility in the hips.
  3. Surgery: Hip replacement surgery is mostly performed in case of severe osteoarthritis. Hip Arthroscopy in case of a torn hip labrum repair.

How to Prepare for a Doctor's Consultation?

  1. Make an appointment with the doctor.
  2. Make note of the symptoms causing the hip pain.
  3. Inform the doctor regarding other medical conditions.
  4. A physical examination will be performed by the doctor.
  5. Ask the doctor about your condition and how to treat and prevent it from progressing.

Conclusion

Hip pain is a feeling of discomfort in the hip joint. It is caused due to several reasons like inflammation, degeneration and injury to the muscles, joints, bones and tendons present in the hip area. Depending upon the conditions that cause hip pain, discomfort in the thigh regions, groin, inside and outside the hip joint, buttocks, sometimes pain radiates to the hip from the back to the groin.

Hexahealth is the first step towards the right treatment and care. We help you to connect with the top doctors and surgeons from the most trusted hospitals at affordable prices to make your healing and recovery process as relaxing as possible. From our nationwide network, we offer you the greatest and most suitable healthcare and surgical guide for the proper treatment. You are just a phone call away from the correct health care service that you require.

 

What are the Symptoms of Hip Pain? || image

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Updated on : 10 October 2023

Disclaimer: The information provided here is for educational and learning purposes only. It doesn't cover every medical condition and might not be relevant to your personal situation. This information isn't medical advice, isn't meant for diagnosing any condition, and shouldn't replace talking to a certified medical or healthcare professional.

Reviewer

Dr. Aman Priya Khanna

Dr. Aman Priya Khanna

MBBS, DNB General Surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, FIAGES

12 Years Experience

Dr Aman Priya Khanna is a well-known General Surgeon, Proctologist and Bariatric Surgeon currently associated with HealthFort Clinic, Health First Multispecialty Clinic in Delhi. He has 12 years of experience in General Surgery and worke...View More

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