Current Status of Ongoing COVID in India

Medically Reviewed by Dr. Aman Priya Khanna
Written by Charu Shrivastava, last updated on 12 December 2023
Current Status of Ongoing COVID in India

In this third year of the pandemic, India continued with the declining pattern of Covid cases. After the short, sharp rise of Omicron, the third wave of the Covid-19 pandemic seemed to be ending for most locations. According to India Today, in March 2022, India reported the lowest cases in over 22 months. The worst of Covid-19 was expected to have passed in most areas, leading to the loosening of some public-health measures that the country had not seen in almost two years! 


Mid-April 2022 marked two weeks since the government lifted the mask mandate in several locations. This happened for the first time following the beginning of this deadly pandemic. Consequences? A spike in Covid cases! Yes, that’s right; the decline in the appropriate Covid-19 behaviour and re-opening of schools after a long break has already resulted in the spurt of fresh cases. 

With a spike in cases over the last two weeks, some questions have arisen regarding the status of ongoing Covid in India:-

  1. What does the data show?
  2. Will there be a fourth wave?
  3. What is the vaccination status in India?

Let’s find out.


What is the Current Situation?

Just when the pandemic phase of Covid-19 seemed to have entered a declining phase, lifting the mask mandate resulted in an increase in cases for several states, including Maharashtra, Mizoram, Kerala, Delhi, and Haryana. 

On April 13, 2022, Gurugram crossed its 100-mark of daily cases after over a month. There were 241 Covid cases reported on May 15, 2022. 

Similarly, Delhi saw an increase in cases from below 100 in March-end to 325 on April 14, 2022. One month after the rise in Covid cases, Delhi reported 613 fresh cases on May 15, 2022, taking the count of active cases to 3,762. 

In Mumbai, the cases rose almost three times, from 26 on April 11 to 73 on April 13. The city reported 151 fresh cases on May 15, 2022. 

The Union Health Secretary, Rajesh Bhushan, wrote to the government of these states, “It is essential that the state maintain a strict watch and take pre-emptive action if required in any areas of concern to control any emerging spread of infection.” 

On May 16, 2022, India reported 2,202 new Covid cases, bringing the country’s active cases to 17,317. The surge in cases has renewed the fear of the occurrence of the fourth wave, especially among health workers and doctors. While some experts believe the fourth wave of covid is coming in August 2022, others think it is unlikely.

Will There Be a Fourth Wave? 

After weeks of relief, India is yet again witnessing an upsurge in the daily Covid cases. The fresh rise in numbers has led to the worry about the possibility of a fourth wave in the country that just started returning to the pre-pandemic normal. In fact, India’s effective reproduction number (R) has increased to over 1 for the first time after January 2022, during the peak of the third wave. 

But what is an R-value? A country’s R-value indicates how quickly the infection is spreading. An R-value above 1 indicates that the number of active cases is rising. The value should be contained below 1 to stop the pandemic. While the R-value was 0.93 for the week between April 5 and 11, it increased to 1.07 between April 12 and 18. 

However, according to Dr. Gagandeep Kang, one of India’s top virologists, we are in a good place with a high level of vaccination. Also, India has a high level of infection in the population acquired during the previous waves. 

Moreover, the rise in cases elsewhere is caused by an easily spread sub-variant of Omicron known as BA.2. But, in February, Indian scientists' sampling sequences reported that BA.2 was already the dominant strain during India’s Omicron surge, which appears to be over.  

Dr. Chandrakant Lahariya, a physician epidemiologist, says, “The possibility of a large-scale nationwide wave of infections in India in the near future is very low.”

What is the Current Vaccination Status in the Country?

The vaccination programme in India has been successfully implemented in phases, starting from January 16 and February 2 last year for healthcare and frontline workers, respectively. The next phase commenced on March 1, 2021, for people over 60 years of age and those aged 40 and above with specified comorbid conditions. The country launched vaccination on April 1, 2021, for all people above 45 years. On May 1, 2021, the programme was thrown open to all adults in the country. 

According to the Union Health Ministry, the cumulative number of vaccine doses for Covid-19 administered in the country crossed 191 crores on May 16, 2022. However, vaccine inequity remains an issue in India, where less than 2 per cent of the total population has received the Covid booster shot. 

As rightly mentioned by Johns Hopkins scientist Amita Gupta, as immunities decline and new variants of Covid become known, it is more crucial than ever that the communities are fully vaccinated and boosted. Tracking hospitalisation rates, she further stressed that no one is safe from Covid until everyone in the world gets vaccinated. 

Bottom Line

While it may have looked like we kicked the Covid-19 pandemic to the curb, it is still a long way to go. People believed the worst to be over and misunderstood the mandatory use of masks. If people continue to avoid the appropriate Covid-19 guidelines, the country may experience the next wave soon. 

So put back on the masks, adhere to social distancing norms and protect yourself against the infection. 

Testing and screening remain crucial to treat the virus and stop its spread and evaluation. So if you want to get RT-PCR tests done, the 1,000+ specialists at HexaHealth are here to provide excellent healthcare services for people infected with Covid-19.


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Updated on : 12 December 2023


Dr. Aman Priya Khanna

Dr. Aman Priya Khanna

MBBS, DNB General Surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, FIAGES

12 Years Experience

Dr Aman Priya Khanna is a well-known General Surgeon, Proctologist and Bariatric Surgeon currently associated with HealthFort Clinic, Health First Multispecialty Clinic in Delhi. He has 12 years of experience in General Surgery and worke...View More


Charu Shrivastava

Charu Shrivastava

BSc. Biotechnology I MDU and MSc in Medical Biochemistry (HIMSR, Jamia Hamdard)

2 Years Experience

Skilled in SEO and passionate about creating informative and engaging medical content. Her proofreading and content writing for medical websites is impressive. She creates informative and engaging content that educ...View More

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