Male Fertility Test: Cost, Purpose, Diagnosis, Result Analysis

Medically Reviewed by Dr. Aman Priya Khanna
Written by Charu Shrivastava, last updated on 23 December 2023
Male Fertility Test: Cost, Purpose, Diagnosis, Result Analysis

Male fertility tests are important in determining a man's ability to become a father. Advancements in medical technology have resulted in the creation of several male fertility tests.

Understanding various aspects of such tests, like male fertility test cost, is vital for informed decision-making. Keep reading to know more!

About Male Fertility Test

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Why is Male Fertility Testing Important?

Male fertility test is significant for various reasons, including the fact that it provides valuable information about a man's reproductive health. Here are some of the main reasons why male fertility testing is so important:

  1. Identifying Underlying Issues: Male fertility tests can aid in detecting any underlying medical issues. Hormonal imbalances, sperm abnormalities, infections, and structural difficulties are examples of this. Early discovery and diagnosis of these problems can lead to appropriate actions and therapies.

  2. Educated Decision-Making: For couples attempting to conceive, knowing the fertility status of the male partner can help guide informed choices. 

  3. Preventive Actions: Early diagnosis of reproductive difficulties through testing can lead to healthier lifestyle choices. Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and poor nourishment can all impact fertility.

  4. Tailored Treatment Plans: The results of male fertility testing can help healthcare providers build individualised treatment programs.

At-Home Male Fertility Testing

In recent years, technological advancements have permitted the creation of at-home male fertility testing kits. This gives men a more private and easy way to assess their fertility potential. The at-home male fertility test kits can cost between ₹ 1,000 and ₹ 3,000. 

How At-Home Male Fertility Tests Work

A sperm sample is usually required for these home male fertility tests. The sample is collected at home by ejaculating into a sterile container with the test kit. The kit then evaluates various aspects of the sperm in the sample to produce results.

What They Measure

  1. Sperm Count: This is the number of sperm cells per millilitre (ml) of sperm. A normal sperm count is usually around 15 million or more sperm per ml.

  2. Sperm Motility: This measures how well the sperm can swim. Motility is typically reported as a percentage of actively moving sperm. Higher motility is linked to increased fertility.

  3. Morphology of Sperm: Morphology examines the shape and structure of sperm. Sperm with normal morphology has a better possibility of successfully fertilising an egg.


Based on established reference ranges, at-home fertility tests often produce either "normal" or "abnormal" findings. However, it is important to note that a normal result on a home male fertility test does not ensure fertility. On the other hand, an adverse result does not necessarily indicate infertility. It is not a diagnostic tool but rather a screening tool.

If you get abnormal findings from an at-home fertility test, you should see a doctor or a reproductive specialist for a more thorough review. They can perform additional testing and make customised recommendations to address reproductive issues.

Benefits of At-Home Male Fertility Testing

  1. Offers a private and discreet way to assess fertility.

  2. Allows individuals to collect samples at their convenience.

  3. Provides early insight into potential fertility issues.

Drawbacks of At-Home Male Fertility Testing

An at-home fertility test may be convenient but it has several disadvantages like -

  1. Inaccuracy: At-home testing is not as reliable as lab-based tests performed by a healthcare provider. There is always a chance of getting inaccurate results. False positives and false negatives are possible.

  2. Limited Data: These tests only provide a basic assessment of reproductive variables. They do not evaluate other potential disorders that could impair fertility. This can include hormone imbalances or reproductive system blockages.

  3. Lack of Diagnosis: These tests are screening techniques, not diagnostic tools. A normal at-home test result is not indicative of fertility, and a poor outcome does not imply infertility. A medical practitioner should be consulted to discover the underlying cause of any fertility issues.

While home male fertility tests can be a valuable first step in monitoring reproductive health, they should not be used in place of expert medical assessment when fertility issues occur. It's important to approach these tests cautiously. Seek advice from a healthcare expert for a more thorough assessment and appropriate recommendations when dealing with fertility concerns.

How To Prepare for At-Home Male Fertility Tests?

Following certain criteria when preparing for at-home male fertility testing ensures accurate and dependable results. Here's a detailed guide:

  1. Read the Instructions: Check the manual that came with the at-home fertility test kit carefully. For sample collection and testing, each kit may have its own set of requirements and instructions.

  2. Choose the Right Kit: Various types of at-home fertility tests are available; so select the one that best meets your requirements. Some tests evaluate sperm count, motility, and morphology. On the other hand, others may concentrate on a specific aspect. Make sure that the kit you choose contains the information you require.

  3. Timing is Necessary: Timing is vital for accurate results. Follow the timing recommendations in the instructions. Typically, a semen sample should be collected in the morning after abstaining from ejaculation for 2-5 days.

  4. Gather Required Items: Make sure you have all of the items included in the test kit. This includes a sterile collection cup, testing equipment, and any liquids or buffers needed.

  5. Cleanliness: To avoid contamination, thoroughly wash your hands with soap and water before collecting the sample. Make sure the collection cup is clean and sterile as well.

  6. Avoid Stressing Out: Worry and anxiety might impact sperm quality and quantity. During the sample collection process, try to remain calm and focused.

  7. Avoid Lubricants: Avoid using any lubricants during sample collection since they can interfere with test accuracy. Use a lubricant recommended by the test kit manufacturer if necessary.

Post At-Home Male Fertility Test Tips

After completing an at-home male fertility test, you have numerous options based on the results and your overall reproductive goals. Here are a few:

  1. Examine the Test Results: Spend some time going over the test results. Some at-home tests yield clear findings, while others may necessitate deeper interpretation. Ensure that you understand what the results mean.

  2. Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle: Regardless of test results, a healthy lifestyle is essential for reproductive health. Consume a well-balanced diet, exercise on a regular basis, and manage stress.

  3. Maintain Adequate Hydration: Drinking enough water is vital for general health and can improve the state of sperm. Taking sufficient water can aid in the preservation of sperm volume and quality.

Other Types of Male Fertility Tests

There are several types of male fertility tests. These tests provide information on sperm quality, quantity, and overall reproductive function. Here are some common male fertility tests:

Semen Analysis (Sperm Analysis)

This is the most popular test for determining male fertility. The procedure involves obtaining a semen sample through ejaculation into a sterile container. The sample is then analysed in a laboratory for the quantity, quality, and motility (movement) of the sperm.

Hormone Level Testing

Male fertility is influenced by hormones such as testosterone, luteinising hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and prolactin. Blood tests are used to monitor these hormone levels and discover any hormonal imbalances that may have an impact on fertility.

Sperm DNA Fragmentation Test

This test determines the DNA integrity of sperm cells. High amounts of DNA fragmentation can have an impact on fertility. A sperm sample is taken, and DNA fragmentation is assessed in the laboratory.

Genetic Testing

Specific genetic defects or illnesses that may impair fertility can be identified via genetic tests. These tests are especially important if there is a family history of genetic diseases.

Scrotal Ultrasound

A scrotal ultrasound creates images of the testicles and associated structures using sound waves. It can help detect abnormalities such as varicoceles (enlarged veins in the scrotum) and other disorders that may affect fertility.

Post-Ejaculation Urinalysis (PEU)

This test determines whether sperm is present in the urine after ejaculation. This can indicate retrograde ejaculation (sperm entering the bladder rather than being discharged by the penis).

Sperm Antibody Test

This test looks for antibodies that might attack and destroy sperm. It involves mixing the sperm sample with an agent that detects these antibodies and monitoring the reaction.

Testicular Biopsy

A testicular biopsy may be conducted in some instances to examine the health of the testicular tissue and sperm production. A small sample of tissue from the testicle is removed for examination under a microscope.

It is critical to remember that these tests should be performed under the supervision of a skilled healthcare physician or reproductive specialist.

Treatment Plans After Male Fertility Test Results

The treatment approach following male fertility test results is determined by the specific findings and underlying causes discovered in the testing. Here's an overview of probable circumstances and treatment options:

Normal Fertility Test Results:

  1. If the test results show normal sperm parameters and reproductive hormone levels, no special therapy may be required.

  2. Maintain a healthy lifestyle, which includes a balanced diet, regular exercise, and stress management.

Analysis of Abnormal Sperm:

  1. Low Sperm Count: Depending on the severity, sperm count may be improved through lifestyle modifications, nutritional supplements, or medicine.

  2. Poor Sperm Motility or Morphology: Lifestyle changes, antioxidants, or specialised reproductive procedures such as IUI or IVF may be considered.

Hormonal Imbalances:

  1. Hormone replacement therapy or additional medications may be administered to restore normal hormone levels.

Varicocele Diagnosis:

  1. If a varicocele is discovered interfering with fertility, surgical treatment (varicocelectomy) may be indicated to improve sperm quality.

Sperm DNA Fragmentation:

  1. Adopting a healthy lifestyle, lowering oxidative stress, and taking antioxidants may increase sperm DNA integrity.

  2. If there is extensive DNA fragmentation, assisted reproductive methods such as IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) may be recommended.

Genetic Abnormalities:

  1. If genetic abnormalities are discovered, genetic counselling can assist you in understanding the implications and making educated decisions.

Cost of Male Fertility Tests in India

The cost of male fertility tests in India varies depending mostly on the test type. The following is a broad summary of the price range for several types of male fertility tests in India:

  1. Semen Analysis: The most common and best male fertility test is sperm analysis. It evaluates the sperm quality, quantity, and motility in a sperm sample. In India, the cost of a sperm analysis can range from ₹ 500 to ₹ 1,000, depending on the institution and area.

  2. Hormone Testing: Hormone testing, such as testosterone and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels, are used to assess hormonal imbalances that may affect fertility. These tests can range in price from ₹ 1,000 to ₹ 3000. The price depends on the hormones being evaluated and the laboratory.

  3. Advanced Testing: Comprehensive tests such as DNA fragmentation analysis or sperm function tests may be advised in cases of more complex reproductive difficulties. These tests can be more expensive, costing up to ₹ 5,000 or more.

  4. At-Home Male Fertility Testing: These kits are often less expensive and focus on measuring sperm count. Prices vary from ₹ 1,000 to ₹ 3,000 or more. The cost depends on the brand and the number of tests included in the kit.

Factors Affecting The Cost of Male Fertility Tests

There are many factors that can affect the overall cost of male fertility tests. Listed below are a few that you can keep in mind.

  1. The testing facility's location

  2. Type of tests included in the package

  3. Additional tests or specialised assessments

  4. Consultation fees 

  5. Quality and brand reputation

  6. Any special offers or discounts

  7. Fees for healthcare providers

  8. Geographic healthcare cost variations

  9. Health insurance coverage

When to Consult a Fertility Specialist?

If you're having trouble conceiving or are worried about your reproductive health, it's time to see a male fertility specialist. One should consider consultation in the following situations:

  1. When the couple has been actively trying to conceive for a year without success.

  2. If the man has a history of reproductive health difficulties. These may include testicular surgery, infections, or injuries that may have an influence on fertility, 

  3. Men with sexual function issues such as ejaculation, or sustaining an erection.

  4. Individuals with hormonal imbalance problems due to decreased libido or unexplained weight gain.


A male fertility test is an important step for couples having problems conceiving or planning a family. While cost is crucial, getting care from qualified healthcare providers and reliable testing facilities should be the top priority. 

A fertility specialist can offer helpful information and support throughout the testing and treatment. To help you find the right doctor, you can contact HexaHealth. HexaHealth is a HealthTech platform with the biggest hospital network in the country. So, book your appointment today!

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Female Fertility Test

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a male fertility test, and why is it important?

male fertility test analyses sperm count, motility, and morphology to determine a man's reproductive health. This test is critical for identifying possible treatments, recognising reproductive difficulties, and family planning.

How much does a male fertility test cost?

The male fertility test cost in India can range from ₹ 400 to ₹ 5,000. It depends on the type of test, location, and testing facility.

What are the different types of male fertility tests?

The different types of male fertility tests include:

  1. Semen Analysis

  2. Hormone Testing

  3. Sperm Function Tests

  4. At-Home Testing Kits

  5. Ultrasound Imaging

Can a male fertility test be done at home?

Yes, a male fertility test can be done at home using at-home male fertility testing kits. Individuals can use these kits to collect a sperm sample at home and then send it to a laboratory for analysis.

Is the home male fertility test accurate and precise?

No, home male fertility tests are not always accurate and precise. They cannot surpass the effectiveness of lab tests.

What should I do if an at-home male fertility test shows a problem?

If an at-home male fertility test shows a problem, a qualified healthcare practitioner, such as a fertility specialist or urologist, should be consulted. They can conduct a complete evaluation and accurately interpret test results.

How is male infertility diagnosed?

Male infertility is diagnosed through a combination of the following tests:

  1. Medical history

  2. Physical exams

  3. Semen analysis

  4. Hormone tests

  5. Imaging

  6. Specialised sperm function tests

What are the common causes of male infertility?

Common causes of male infertility include:

  1. Low sperm count or poor sperm quality.

  2. Hormonal imbalances

  3. Varicoceles (enlarged veins in the scrotum).

  4. Structural issues 

  5. Chronic health conditions (diabetes, obesity, etc.).

  6. Lifestyle factors (smoking, alcohol, stress).

Is there any preparation needed before a blood test for male fertility?

Yes, there is some preparation required before a blood test for male fertility. Common preparations may include avoiding ejaculation for 2 to 5 days before the test and fasting for a few hours before the blood draw.

Can a male fertility test be painful?

No, a male fertility test is not usually painful. The procedure is intended to be as pain-free as possible.

How long does it take to get results from a male fertility test?

The time to receive results from a male fertility test typically ranges from a few days to a week. It's advisable to check with the specific clinic or laboratory for their estimated turnaround time.

What do the results of a male fertility test mean?

male fertility test provides information about the quality, quantity, and functionality of sperm. Normal results indicate a healthy fertility potential. On the other hand, abnormal results may indicate fertility-related issues.

Can a male fertility test predict the success of fertility treatments?

male fertility test can reveal potential fertility problems, but it cannot predict the success of fertility treatments.

What are the treatment options for male infertility?

Treatment options for male infertility include:

  1. Hormonal therapies

  2. Surgical interventions

  3. Reproductive techniques (intrauterine insemination and in vitro fertilisation)

  4. Lifestyle changes

How can I improve my chances of success with male fertility treatments?

Here’s how to improve your chances of success with male fertility treatments:

  1. Follow medical advice

  2. Healthy lifestyle

  3. Take supplements

  4. Timely treatment

  5. Regular follow-ups

Is male infertility a permanent condition?

Male infertility is not always permanent. Male infertility can be effectively treated or managed in many cases, resulting in increased fertility. However, infertility may be irreversible in rare circumstances.

What lifestyle changes can improve male fertility?

Lifestyle changes that can improve male fertility include:

  1. Healthy diet

  2. Regular exercise

  3. Stress management

  4. Limiting alcohol

  5. Quitting smoking

  6. Adequate sleep

  7. Maintaining sexual health

Can stress affect male fertility test results?

Yes, stress can influence male fertility test results. Stress can have an effect on hormone levels and sperm production. This can affect sperm quality and other reproductive metrics.

Can insurance cover a male fertility test?

Yes, some health insurance plans may cover the expense of male fertility testing. The coverage varies greatly depending on the insurance provider and the exact policy.

Are there any risks associated with a male fertility test?

No, there are no significant risks linked with a male fertility test. It is a safe procedure that includes providing a sample of sperm for analysis.

How to choose the best male fertility test kit?

Here’s how to choose the best male fertility test kit:

  1. Look for well-known and reputable brands

  2. Choose a kit that tests essential parameters (like sperm count and motility)

  3. Select a kit with clear instructions

How can I know the male fertility test near me?

To find a male fertility test near you, you can:

  1. Search online for local fertility clinics or diagnostic centres

  2. Ask for referrals

  3. Inquire at local hospitals or medical facilities

  4. Visit a medical laboratory that offers fertility testing


All the articles on HexaHealth are supported by verified medically-recognized sources such as; peer-reviewed academic research papers, research institutions, and medical journals. Our medical reviewers also check references of the articles to prioritize accuracy and relevance. Refer to our detailed editorial policy for more information.

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  2. Sunder M, Leslie SW. Semen Analysis. [Updated 2022 Oct 24]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan-. link
  3. Leslie SW, Soon-Sutton TL, Khan MAB. Male Infertility. [Updated 2023 Mar 3]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023
  4. Gonzalez D, Narasimman M, Best JC, Ory J, Ramasamy R. Clinical Update on Home Testing for Male Fertility. World J Mens Health. 2021 Oct;39(4):615-625. doi: 10.5534/wjmh.200130. Epub 2020 Nov 11. PMID: 33474845; PMCID:
  5. Khatun A, Rahman MS, Pang MG. Clinical assessment of the male fertility. Obstet Gynecol Sci. 2018 Mar;61(2):179-191. doi: 10.5468/ogs.2018.61.2.179. Epub 2018 Mar 5. PMID: 29564308; PMCID:
  6. Vasan SS. Semen analysis and sperm function tests: How much to test? Indian J Urol. 2011 Jan;27(1):41-8. doi: 10.4103/0970-1591.78424. PMID: 21716889; PMCID:
  7. Sigman M. Introduction: Male fertility testing: the past, present, and future. Fertil Steril. 2019 May;111(5):833-834. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2019.03.008. Epub 2019 Apr 5. PMID:
  8. Wang C, Swerdloff RS. Limitations of semen analysis as a test of male fertility and anticipated needs from newer tests. Fertil Steril. 2014 Dec;102(6):1502-7. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2014.10.021. Epub 2014 Nov 25. PMID: 25458617; PMCID:
  9. Franken DR, Oehninger S. Semen analysis and sperm function testing. Asian J Androl. 2012 Jan;14(1):6-13. doi: 10.1038/aja.2011.58. Epub 2011 Dec 19. PMID: 22179512; PMCID:
  10. Agarwal A, Sharma R, Gupta S, Finelli R, Parekh N, Selvam MKP, Pompeu CP, Madani S, Belo A, Darbandi M, Singh N, Darbandi S, Covarrubias S, Sadeghi R, Arafa M, Majzoub A, Caraballo M, Giroski A, McNulty K, Durairajanayagam D, Henkel R. Standardized Laboratory Procedures, Quality Control and Quality link

Updated on : 23 December 2023


Dr. Aman Priya Khanna

Dr. Aman Priya Khanna

MBBS, DNB General Surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, FIAGES

12 Years Experience

Dr Aman Priya Khanna is a well-known General Surgeon, Proctologist and Bariatric Surgeon currently associated with HealthFort Clinic, Health First Multispecialty Clinic in Delhi. He has 12 years of experience in General Surgery and worke...View More


Charu Shrivastava

Charu Shrivastava

BSc. Biotechnology I MDU and MSc in Medical Biochemistry (HIMSR, Jamia Hamdard)

2 Years Experience

Skilled in SEO and passionate about creating informative and engaging medical content. Her proofreading and content writing for medical websites is impressive. She creates informative and engaging content that educ...View More

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