Before and After Lasik Eye Surgery: Care, Images & Precautions

Medically Reviewed by Dr. Aman Priya Khanna
Written by Rajath R Prabhu, last updated on 20 February 2023| min read
Before and After Lasik Eye Surgery: Care, Images & Precautions

Quick Summary

  • LASIK eye surgery is a common procedure to treat nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.
  • It is important to know what you can expect before and after LASIK eye surgery.
  • All kinds of surgeries are associated with risks and benefits.

LASIK eye surgery is a common procedure to treat nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. The eyes are a very delicate and important organ, and it is important to know what you can expect before and after LASIK eye surgery. While wearing glasses or contact lenses may clear the vision, it is an added cost and trouble to take care of them and carry them everywhere. LASIK eye surgery is an effective solution to all these problems. 

All kinds of surgeries are associated with risks and benefits. This blog discusses important precautions that must be taken before and after LASIK surgery to minimise the discomfort and side effects.

Keep reading the blog to know the full course of steps taken during LASIK surgery.

What is Lasik Eye surgery and its use?

The full form of LASIK is Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis. It is popularly referred to as laser eye surgery. For an eye to function properly, it is important for light rays to travel through the cornea and lens of the eyes. The retina changes the light into signals which become images after reaching the brain. However, in some cases, because of refractive issues, the light does not bend properly due to the shape of the cornea or lens.

Consequently, the light does not focus on the retina as required, and the vision becomes blurred. LASIK surgical treatment is used to treat various vision problems, including Myopia(nearsightedness), Hyperopia (farsightedness) and Astigmatism.

LASIK eye surgery is the most popular technique that uses a special cutting laser to reshape the cornea for clear vision. The procedure is precise and has fast healing and long-term advantages.

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Before LASIK surgery

Before the surgery there are certain things to take care of both at the doctor's and the patient’s end. Doctor will carry out the following steps which include:

  1. Studying the patient’s medical history to confirm if LASIK surgery is the ideal form of treatment.
  2. Checking the signs related to eye infection, inflammation, dryness in eyes, size of the pupil and eye pressure.
  3. Analyzing the cornea for its shape, curve and irregularities to decide which area of the cornea requires reshaping.
  4. The doctor may advise to completely stop wearing contact lenses for a few weeks before the surgery. This would depend on the condition of the eyes and the quality of the lens.

Things to keep in mind by the patient before the surgery:

  1. It is advised to drink ample water before the procedure to stay well hydrated and to keep the eyes lubricated. This is important as one of the side effects of LASIK treatment is temporary dryness in the eyes.
  2. Wearing a comfortable outfit is recommended. The clothes must be free from any kind of lint.
  3. Ensuring the patient is accompanied by someone to drive him/her back home after LASIK surgery. 
  4. One must refrain from using any kind of eye makeup or moisturiser on the day of surgery.

During LASIK surgery

LASIK is an outpatient surgical procedure. The procedure begins by administering eye drops to numb the eyes. An eye holder and a suction ring are placed to keep the eyes still. The vision seems to go blurry or black at this moment.

Laser rays are then used to make a thin flap in the cornea, which is folded, and the process of reshaping the cornea begins. The flap is placed back smoothly, which attaches and heals naturally within a few minutes. The entire process may take about thirty minutes in normal cases.

LASIK surgery after-care/recovery

The recovery after LASIK eye surgery is quicker in the majority of cases. However, it is highly recommended to follow the instructions provided by the doctor. 

After LASIK surgery in a hospital or surgical center, you can expect to follow these general recovery steps:

  1. Rest: After the surgery, you will need to rest for a period of time before you can go home.
  2. Eye protection: Your doctor may advise you to wear an eye patch or protective shield to prevent accidental rubbing or touching of the eyes.
  3. Medications: Your doctor may prescribe eye drops or other medications to help prevent infection and reduce inflammation.
  4. Restrictions on activities: You will need to avoid certain activities, such as swimming, contact sports, and heavy lifting, for a period of time after the surgery. 

During the recovery period, it is important to avoid rubbing your eyes and to protect them from bright light and other potential irritants. If you experience any unusual symptoms, such as severe pain or vision loss, be sure to contact your doctor right away.

Recovery at home:

Recovery time after LASIK surgery is usually relatively short, with most patients able to return to work and normal activities within a few days. However, it is important to follow your doctor's instructions carefully during the recovery period to ensure the best possible outcome.

Here’s what you can expect after the laser surgery at home:

  1. You will need to rest for a period of time after the surgery. You may experience some discomfort and blurry vision, so it's a good idea to plan for some downtime at home.
  2. You should protect your eyes from bright light, dust, and other potential irritants. Your doctor may advise you to wear an eye patch or protective shield for a period of time to protect your eyes from accidental rubbing or touching.
  3. Your doctor may prescribe eye drops or other medications to help prevent infection and reduce inflammation. 
  4. You will need to avoid certain activities, such as swimming, contact sports, and heavy lifting, for a period of time after the surgery. 

If you experience any unusual symptoms, such as severe pain or vision loss, be sure to contact your doctor right away. By following these steps, you can help ensure a smooth and successful recovery from LASIK surgery.

Side-effects of LASIK

While LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis) is a safe and effective procedure for many people, like any surgical procedure, it does carry some potential risks and side effects. Here are some of the most common side effects of LASIK:

  1. LASIK surgery can lead to a reduction in tear production for the first few months after the surgery and can give rise to dry eyes. It is advisable to use prescribed teardrops.
  2. Night vision may be impacted for a few days or weeks after LASIK eye surgery and may lead to double vision or a halo effect around bright light.
  3. Removing uneven tissues during the surgery can result in severe complications requiring further surgeries, though this is an uncommon side effect.

Precautions after laser eye surgery

It is advised to take a nap after LASIK eye surgery as this relieves the pain and speeds up recovery.

  1. It is very important to follow the correct and timely medication as per the doctor’s prescription. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotic drops to avoid infection, steroid drops to decrease inflammation, and lubricating drops to fight irritation. Each must be administered carefully.
  2. It is highly advisable not to rub your eyes for at least fifteen days after LASIK surgery. Since the flap of the cornea is repositioned during the surgery, rubbing may depose it, thus, leading to some serious complications.
  3. Wearing eye shields for the first few days, even while sleeping, is advised. This is important to avoid accidental rubbing of the eyes in sleep.
  4. For faster recovery and to avoid scarring of the eyes in bright light, dark sunglasses are prescribed for at least a week post-surgery.
  5. Eye makeup or creams are prohibited for at least a week from the surgery to avoid the intrusion of any foreign particles in the eyes.
  6. Showering should be avoided before and after LASIK surgery, as water, soap, or other cosmetics should not enter the eyes. Instead, gently patting the face with water (for a few days) is recommended.
  7. Any kind of contact sports or strenuous exercises are prohibited for a month before and after LASIK surgery. Instead, light exercises can be practised for healthy living. Wearing a headband and glasses after the surgery prevents sweat or other particles from entering the eyes.
  8. Consumption of alcohol or caffeinated products must be avoided before and after LASIK eye surgery as these can dehydrate the eyes and increase discomfort.
  9. Staying away from television, mobile and other electronic screens is important till at least 24 hours after the surgery. Thereafter, the use of screens can be gradually increased as per the comfort of the eyes.
  10. Your doctor may prescribe eye drops to help prevent infection and reduce inflammation. It's important to use these drops as directed and to finish the full course of treatment.
  11. Attend follow-up appointments with your doctor to monitor your progress and ensure that you are healing properly. Your doctor may recommend that you attend these appointments several times during the first few months after the surgery.


With technological advancement, it is possible to correct the vision of the eyes using laser surgeries like LASIK. While this technique has a high success rate with long-term effects, it is imperative to follow the instructions of the doctor and take precautions before and after LASIK eye surgery. It is also important to immediately contact the doctor in case of any discomfort beyond the stated time after the surgery.

HexaHealth can help you contact experienced doctors for LASIK eye surgical treatment. The company is armed with a polished and proficient team of medical professionals, available to assist and guide you through every step of the way. So, if you’re facing issues with the eye, or are looking for guidance on LASIK eye surgery, get in touch with a HexaHealth expert today!

Frequently Asked Questions

The eyes are delicate and an important organ in the body. While LASIK surgery is highly successful, it is important to stick to the doctor’s advice and take due precautions before and after LASIK eye surgery. Keeping eyes clean and free from makeup is advised. Not using perfumes or any other chemicals in the eyes is a must. Also, staying away from contact sports and strenuous exercises are suggested.

Precautions after laser eye surgery include taking a good nap, wearing dark sunglasses in bright light, wearing an eye shield while sleeping, being careful not to rub eyes, administering medicines strictly as per doctor’s prescription and not using any make-up, creams or perfumes for some days.

LASIK is an outpatient surgery and may take about thirty minutes. The procedure is safe and has a quick recovery. It involves numbing the eyes with eye drops and reshaping the cornea for clear vision.

You should not rub your eyes for at least two weeks after LASIK eye surgery. Avoid wearing make-up or any cosmetics, and stay away from contact sports or heavy exercises. Also, showering must be avoided for a week; instead, bathing can be adopted.

Eyes are sensitive after the surgery, and any use of mobile, television or tablet is not advised for at least a day post-surgery. A good nap and resting with closed eyes would help in a faster recovery.

Taking a good nap or resting with closed eyes is highly recommended after LASIK eye surgery. They help in reducing discomfort and increase faster healing.

No, showering is not advised a day before and after LASIK eye surgery as this may lead to water, soap and other chemicals entering the eyes. Instead, you can take a bath to keep the eyes safe from any foreign particles entering them. 

The recovery after LASIK surgery begins almost immediately. You would be allowed to go home after a few minutes. However, the vision may be blurred for a day, after which normal activities can be resumed. Good care of the eyes must be taken for two to three months when the vision stabilizes and the eyes heal completely.

There can be some discomfort in the eyes, including burning, itching and tearing immediately after LASIK eye surgery. Also, the vision can be blurry for a day. 

It is not advised to consume any kind of caffeinated products before and after LASIK eye surgery as this can dehydrate the eyes and make it difficult to relax properly. Also, since it is good to take a nap after the surgery for faster recovery, coffee may interfere with sleep.

In many cases, the sensation of itching, burning and tearing of eyes has been observed for two to four hours after LASIK surgery. In some cases, this may continue for a day.

While the vision becomes clear after a few hours of LASIK surgery, sensitivity to bright light and glare and haziness around light may be experienced for a few days after the surgery. You may take a break from work and rest till these symptoms subside.

The foods to be consumed before and after LASIK eye surgery include citrus fruits and leafy vegetables, almonds, eggs, sweet potatoes, wheat germ, salmon and other healthy fishes. You must avoid alcohol, caffeinated products, junk food, fried food and high-sugar food.

While your eyes are healing, it is important to avoid a TV screen or any other electronic screen for at least twenty-four hours from surgery. Thereafter, you can gradually increase your screen time to the comfort of your eyes.

Dark glasses are recommended immediately after LASIK eye surgery. They must be used for at least one week from the surgery while facing any bright light. Gradually, you can minimize the use as per the comfort of the eyes.

Both Contoura and PRK use laser rays for vision correction. Contoura creates a flap on the cornea to implement the surgical procedure under the flap. On the other hand, PRK uses chemicals or laser rays to remove the superficial layer of the cornea and performs surgery on the eye’s surface. 

The blurriness in vision after LASIK eye surgery reduces in twenty-four hours, and you can resume normal activities. However, sensitivity to light and the halo effect around the light may take two-three months to stabilize.

Updated on : 20 February 2023

Disclaimer: The information provided here is for educational and learning purposes only. It doesn't cover every medical condition and might not be relevant to your personal situation. This information isn't medical advice, isn't meant for diagnosing any condition, and shouldn't replace talking to a certified medical or healthcare professional.


Dr. Aman Priya Khanna

Dr. Aman Priya Khanna

MBBS, DNB General Surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, FIAGES

12 Years Experience

Dr Aman Priya Khanna is a well-known General Surgeon, Proctologist and Bariatric Surgeon currently associated with HealthFort Clinic, Health First Multispecialty Clinic in Delhi. He has 12 years of experience in General Surgery and worke...View More


Rajath R Prabhu

Rajath R Prabhu

MSc. Clinical Research I PG Diploma in Public Health Services Management

3 Years Experience

His work in medical content writing and proofreading is noteworthy. He has also contributed immensely to public health research and has authored four scientific manuscripts in international journals. He was assoc...View More

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