Piles in Men - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Piles in Men - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

One of the most common medical concerns yet least talked about is Piles in men. Piles, Haemorrhoids or Bawaseer in Hindi, are swollen blood vessels and tissues found inside or underneath the skin in the rectal region. If any individual feels discomfort in the anus while sitting or experiences pain during defecating or sees blood in poop or even if the anus is itchy sometimes, he may probably have piles.

Men in particular often avoid sharing their problems, ignore the condition, and pass off the discomfort as temporary pain. Please do not take it lightly as this could aggravate a more serious medical problem. Piles in men can be easily diagnosed and treated with care, precautions, therapy and surgery. 

What is piles in men?

Piles or medically referred to as Haemorrhoids or Bawaseer in Hindi is a condition that affects the anal or rectal region i.e. from where we pass stool. Piles in men are enlarged blood vessels and tissues that are found inside the rectum or under the skin around the anus. They get irritated and bleed if left untreated.

What are the symptoms of piles in males?

Symptoms of Piles in Men ImageUsually, piles in males are not serious and it is not necessary that the condition readily shows signs and symptoms. However, below mentioned are some of the common symptoms of piles in males that can be easily identified by the individual.

  1. Bleeding (Blood colour bright red like a splash in a pan) is the most common symptom
  2. Itchiness in the anal area
  3. Sticky discharge
  4. Feeling of constipation
  5. Painful mass protruding outside the anus
  6. Discomfort in bowel movement

Pain occurs if there is associated infection, anal spasm or in cases of prolapsed Piles.

What are the causes of piles in males?

Causes of Piles in Males ImageThe exact cause of piles in males is uncertain, but they are highly associated with increased pressure in the blood vessels and tissues in the anal region. However, some of the most common causes of piles in males are:

  1. Chronic constipation
  2. Low fibre diet
  3. Straining while passing stools
  4. Lifting heavyweights
  5. Increasing age
  6. Increased anal tone

Can piles be prevented in males?

Preventive Measures for Piles in Males ImageGenerally, there is no definitive way to prevent piles in males. However, when diagnosed early then the disease progression can be slowed. Below mentioned are some of the measures for the prevention of piles:

  1. Take enough fibres
  2. Stay active by doing regular exercises
  3. Avoid Heavy Lifting
  4. Avoid Straining
  5. Avoid sitting for long on the toilet
  6. Maintain good anal hygiene
  7. Maintain your adequate body weight

How can it be confirmed if you have piles?

Diagnostic Test for Piles in Males ImageGenerally, an individual can easily identify if he/she has piles based on common symptoms such as inflammation, bleeding, pain, and discomfort in the anal region. If the symptoms aggravate, you should consult a doctor. Your doctor would be able to diagnose piles based on your medical history, family history and physical examination of the anal region. The doctor will do the following diagnostic tests to identify piles:

  1. Digital rectal examination: a gloved and lubricated finger will be inserted to get a feel inside the anus.
  2. Anoscopy: a small camera (anoscope/proctoscope) will be inserted, and the anal/rectal area will be examined to check for any abnormalities. 
  3. Colonoscopy: The doctor may want to examine your entire colon by using a colonoscope (long, flexible, lighted tube) to check for any abnormal growths, the tissue that is red or swollen, sores (ulcers), or bleeding. 

How is piles treated in males?

Usually, piles in males heal on their own without any need for medication or treatment. However, if the symptoms persist and aggravate for a longer period, your proctologist will suggest one of the following methods for treatment of piles: 

Home Remedies

Home Remedies for Piles in Men Image

  1. Have a fibre-rich diet (legumes, green vegetables, whole grains, cucumbers, apples, and Triphala). This helps in excreting stool comfortably without much pressure or strain. 
  2. Drink plenty of water.
  3. Do not hold stools for a longer time or postpone them. You must attend your nature calls whenever you feel the urge to go to the toilet!
  4. Avoid sitting on the toilet seat (Asian or western) for a long time beyond necessary. Nowadays use of mobile phones or reading something while sitting is common because of which you could lose track of time and also focus on defecating, putting continuous or more excessive pressure while pooping. A step stool to elevate feet while sitting on the toilet is recommended.
  5. An individual can use an ice pack or warm bath to ease pain and keep the anal region clean and dry.
  6. Avoid low-fibre foods such as Dairy products, White flour, Fried foods, Salty foods, Red meat, Spicy foods, Caffeinated beverages, and Alcohol.

Medications

If one does not get any relief from the home remedies, then there are several medicines a doctor can prescribe,

  1. Local applications such as ointments or creams relieve itching and swelling.
  2. Laxatives to ease constipation.
  3. Sitz bath, a warm therapeutic bath for the delicate genitals, cleanses the anal region and fastens the healing process by increasing the blood flow.
  4. Take pain relief medicines like paracetamol (one should not use medicines that contain codeine as it can increase constipation). One should avoid pain relief medicines like ibuprofen if they have bleeding due to piles.
  5. Several ayurvedic preparations are also available for managing piles, such as Vijaya Churna or Pathyadi Kwatha.

Non-surgical Treatment

Your doctor would recommend one of the following non-surgical treatments for piles if home remedies and prescription medicines do not work. 

  1. Rubber band ligation
  2. Sclerotherapy
  3. Cryotherapy
  4. Infrared Coagulation
  5. Doppler-guided Haemorrhoidal Artery Ligation

Surgical Treatment

Surgical treatment is one of the best options to achieve long-term success from piles. Nowadays, surgery methods have advanced to be painless and minimally invasive for easy recovery and minimum to no pain. Your treating doctor will decide the intervention based on the severity of your condition.

  1. Open Haemorrhoidectomy
  2. Stapler Haemorrhoidectomy
  3. Laser Haemorrhoidectomy

Treatment for Piles Image

Why should you not delay piles treatment?

Males generally often avoid sharing their problems and tend to ignore the condition and pass off the discomfort as temporary pain. Delaying treatment for piles may cause problems that are not severe but can create a lot of discomfort. Haemorrhoids can lead to the following problems such as,

  1. Anaemia (Loss of blood, leading to a decrease in oxygen-carrying capacity)
  2. Masses of tissue hang out on the skin
  3. Infection
  4. Progression of disease from Grade I to Grade IV
  5. Thrombosis of piles
  6. Persistent pressure while passing stool may lead to prolapse of the rectum

Conclusion

Piles in men are one of the most common medical concerns yet are highly ignored. Piles in males can appear as a number of symptoms, including bright red colour blood like a splash when an individual goes to the toilet, itchiness in the anal area, sticky discharge as well as feeling of constipation. Intake of a low-fibre diet, heavy lifting or over-straining on the toilet could contribute to the development of piles in males, but proper treatment can help improve the quality of life.

One’s good health and bodily comfort are paramount hence we must not give attention to what others will think about it rather must consult our doctor at the earliest priority. You can simply take advice, support and guidance on How to go about it? Which doctor to go to? etc., by contacting online healthcare professionals of HexaHealth which has top doctors, top surgeons and the best hospitals empanelled in their network that provide complete care services and hassle-free surgery experience at the right hospital and at the right price. Your one simple phone call with them will ease all your worries, doubts and concerns.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is piles in males?

Piles or Haemorrhoids in males are enlarged blood vessels that form inside or outside the anus and rectum. They are the most common anorectal condition. They can be painful, uncomfortable and cause rectal bleeding.

What causes piles in males?

The most common cause of piles in males are constipation, straining, obesity, low fibre intake, lifting heavy weights, and sitting for long on the toilet.

What are the common signs and symptoms of piles in males?

Usually, piles in males are not serious, and it is not necessary that the condition readily shows signs and symptoms. Some of the common symptoms of piles in males are bleeding, itching, pain, sticky discharge from the anus, discomfort and a feeling of constipation.

Are piles common in men?

Piles or Haemorrhoids are common medical conditions that are common in both men and women. Some studies have found that men are more prone to developing piles.

At what age do men get haemorrhoids?

Piles or Haemorrhoids are usually common between ages 45 and 65 years. However, piles can also develop in younger boys and men.

Are piles or haemorrhoids in men cancerous?

No, piles or haemorrhoids are not cancerous and do not lead to cancer.

How do men get rid of haemorrhoids?

Piles in males generally go away on their own, but in some cases, they may require treatment and supervision. Some home remedies help reduce the risk of the development of piles. These include:

  1. Taking a fibre-rich diet
  2. Drinking plenty of water
  3. Avoiding alcohol intake
  4. Avoiding straining and sitting long on the toilet seat
  5. Some medications such as over-the-counter ointments help relieve pain and discomfort caused by piles.

Can piles in males be permanently treated by simple home remedies or medications?

A person suffering from piles can try several home remedies or even take medications as prescribed by the doctors for piles. These treatment options can only prevent piles from getting worse and not cure them permanently.

Which food items should be avoided during piles?

The food items that a person should avoid if him/her has piles are processed food, fast food, spicy food, dairy products, salty food, red meat, caffeinated drinks and alcohol.

How long do piles or haemorrhoids last in men?

There is no set time for how long symptoms of piles can last. However, if these have not been resolved within a few days, it is recommended that you talk to your doctor for further advice. Contact HexaHealth for a free consultation with our experienced doctors.

What are the top medications for piles treatment in men?

Top medications for piles treatment include over-the-counter ointments or creams, laxatives, and paracetamol tablets. Several ayurvedic preparations are also available for managing piles, such as Vijaya Churna or Pathyadi Kwatha.

Can piles in males go away on their own?

Usually, piles go away on their own, but if they persist for longer periods, you should consult a doctor as you might need to have a procedure to deal with the problem. Contact HexaHealth for free doctor consultations.

What is the best surgical treatment for piles in men?

Laser Treatment for the piles is the most opted treatment as it is painless. It involves no stitches, minimal blood loss and other postoperative complications, and quick recovery with no chances of recurrence.

What do male piles look like?

Piles usually look like small, round, discoloured lumps. You might be able to feel them on your anus or hanging down from your anal canal.

Can stress cause piles in males?

If a male takes up stress, it can lead to digestive problems—and straining, due to constipation and diarrhea, can cause hemorrhoid flare-ups.

What are the myths versus facts about piles in men?

  1. Myth: Only older men get piles.
    Fact: Although, piles disease is largely seen in older men, however, it cannot be said that only older men can get piles. Piles can be developed in men who lead a sedentary life, eat fewer fibres and more junk.

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